In addition, the findings would be related in terms of their impact on classroom instruction by providing specific and supportive evidence for each theme or issue from the readings and from one’s personal experience, as required.
The whole language approach emerged in the 1980s more as a philosophy than a mere teaching methodology. According to Todays-Learners (2010, par. 19), “reading should not be taught, but rather acquired through trial and error”. Promoters of this technique emphasize that students can substitute words with those that they commonly use as long as the idea remains the same. Correct spelling of words is not so much given priority for as long as the thoughts and concepts are appropriately ingrained (Todays-Learners, 2010, pars. 19 – 23).
The modernist perspective has been discussed by Serafini (2003, par. 16) through a review of various scholars’ discourse on the subject; such as Street, De Castell & Luke, and Siegel & Fernandez, among others. This view contends that “reading is viewed as a cognitive, psychological process divorced from any of the forces that are inherent in social, political, or cultural institutions” (Serafini, 2003, par. 16) Children taught under this approach are given reading materials which are fluently read aloud and concurrently focusing on the main theme of the story or text. Teachers focus more on the diction and pronunciation of the texts as well as determining if the students are able to comprehend the main theme of the story.
One of the more contemporary approaches associated with this perspective is the balanced or eclectic approach which utilized phonics and skills instruction into the teaching of reading. Stoicheva (1999) cited Cunningham and Hall (1998) describing “a balanced framework for literacy where instruction is divided equally between the four
There has been an increasing magnitude of literature both on historical and theoretical perspectives that impact contemporary teaching methodologies in the classroom setting. From among the…
For studies conducted to be considered as a science, has to follow the methodological investigation to include defining the problem, review of related literature, formulation of hypothesis, development of a research design, collection of data, analysis, and conclusion.
Women encounter favoritism and uneven treatment in matters of fundamental right to provisions, health care, knowledge, service, and power over prolific resources, judgment making and living not owing to their genetic disparities or sex.
These theoretical perspectives inform individuals about different methods of reading that will help student in developing their reading skills. Body Teachers can teach reading through several methods, one of these methods is the testing and measuring approach, in this method the teacher uses tests and assessments to measure how well the student has read and learned from the assigned tests (Lapp, 2007, p.423).
Motivating the right people to join and stay with the organization is an important job of managers.1
People get motivated by a plethora of things. An intrinsic reward is the delightful feeling you have when you have done a good job. An extrinsic reward is something given to you by someone else as recognition for good work which may involve pay increases, praise, and promotions.
It is also said that conceptual/theoretical teaching alongside a better knowledge of language facilitates reading. Practice plays a great role in the development of reading comprehension; thus providing a rich source of strategies to improve the task. It would also help to indulge in self-assessment and elaborate interrogation (ibid).
According to the report an effective reader is a product of employed good strategies, which are not however easily recognised, unless through effective teaching. In the reading process, the learner must learn the fundamentals of reading comprehension, which serves as the key concept in a good reading.
In this paper the author reviews Biology and Gender Schema theories, which are the most helpful theories in understanding gender and the importance of play in developing gender identity. Biology theory is important because it shows that the genders can be equal. Gender Schema theory explains how the stereotypes can form early in a person’s childhood.
vantages in terms of body size and upper body strength provided them an edge over women in those social activities that demanded such physical attributes such as hunting, herding and warfare. On the other hand, women’s biological capacity for reproduction and
The author states that the problem solving technique is the most appropriate method as this stimulates students to take part in critical thinking and problem solving and will help develop their critical thinking and problem solving skills which is a major requirement of the 21st century organizations.
reading and writing. After the issuing of mandates that encourage a cognitive view of reading, there have been many changes in reading instruction and materials in schools to accommodate the changes. The cognitive reading approach enables children to read by first learning
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