practice of female genital mutilation, Egypt still remains the country where this practice is most prevalent According to World Health Organization, in Somalia the prevalence of female genital mutilation is almost 98 percent. Ethiopia, Mali and Sudan are other countries where the practice is very evidently prevalent. In Arabian Peninsula the practice is seen mostly among the Afro-Arabs, who are the descendants of various African races. The practice is seen generally among these races in Saudi Arabia, Southern part of Jordan and in Northern Iraq. It is actually migratory workers from East Africa and Nile Valley who have brought this practice to Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates. The practice is prevalent in some parts of Asia, like Indonesia, the largest Muslim country in the world and in South America too.
THE CULTURAL COMPULSIONS AND STRANGE FAITHS: There are so many factors that cause the continuation of the practice of female genital mutilation in different communities. They include sometimes religious, but most often cultural and social factors present with in the families as well as the communities. In cases where the practice remains a social convention, conforming to what all others in the society are doing without questioning is the major factor that keeps this practice alive. The reason to oblige to this age old social custom is thus, the desire to belong to the society.
Behind this social practice is the age old faith about how to bring up a girl. Thus female genital mutilation is done in honest faith as a way to prepare the girl for adulthood and marriage. In such societies the girl is not considered to be an adult until she has gone through these painful rituals and will not be able to get married without FGM. The parents follow the blind faith without any sense of guilt, but with a sense of responsibility to their girl child. Here it is done out of love or concern for the girl child. Thus FGM for these parents is a practice that keeps up their
According to some statistics it is being practiced in more than twenty African countries and as per the estimation of the Amnesty International 130 million women all over the world are affected by FGM of some…
FGM is not only significant as a traditional cultural practice which negatively affects the lives of millions of girls and women worldwide, but also because it has become something of a case-study of a harmful cultural practice and attempts to eradicate it.
Currently, people are more aware of their fundamental human rights, which include the right to enjoy happiness and freedom of worship. These rights are included in the constitutions of different democratic countries and United States is not an exception. In this respect, the country is legally mandated to ensure that all citizens enjoy their rights and happiness, without prejudice or favor because of social, racial, or religious orientation.
The World Health Organization defines female genital mutilation as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons” (WHO, n. d.). The genital cutting process is generally performed on girls following a few days after the puberty period.
This paper shall seek to look at the different aspects of female genital mutilation and the relations of power that it is connected with. It shall do so through analyses of the legal and social aspects of it. In doing so, the paper shall mostly adopt a feminist approach towards the issues at hand.
It is still largely practiced in various parts of the world today though there are a number of organizations that have tried to discourage it such as the World health Organization for a number of reasons with the main one being health concerns. However, this has not deterred others from maintaining this cultural practice, and in such regions it is viewed as a normal rite of passage for a woman that is required when they reach a certain age.
Another statistic by WHO indicates that around 92 million girls aged 10 and above have been subjected to FGM (Female genital mutilation 1). To make matters worse, an additional 2 million girls are at risk of being circumcised every
This is because there are still reported cases of several women caught in quite a predicament given that they live within cultural communities where in which they are bound to FGM (Weil 2006, Herzi 1990). FGM is an outlawed cultural tradition that infringes upon the
The author states that the methods and possible health effects make this practice highly criticized: lack of sterility, painful nature of the procedure, and general violation of women’s rights. Many international health organizations and feminist movements are opposing FGM practice and trying to eliminate it, yet it still exists in many communities.
8 pages (2000 words)Research Paper
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