48 which aims at protecting all humans against oppression and discrimination.1 Children are considered as humans below the age of 18 years and have rights and freedoms. They are supposed to be protected and cared for by provision of basic needs which are regarded as children rights and are guarded by use of international children’s rights law. However, it is the duty of governments to safeguard and uphold these rights and freedoms regardless of political, economic and cultural systems. This paper is a critique of international children’s rights.
Children rights are those human rights that are geared towards ensuring the well being of a child in terms of provision of basic needs such as food, housing and healthcare. They also ensure children are protected from abuse, exploitation and discrimination as well as those rights that enhance proper development of children both physically and mentally.2 The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child classifies children rights into four categories based on the principles of non- discrimination, right to life, survival and development and respect for children views.3
Survival rights involve the basic needs required by children for survival such as food, proper housing, clothing and access to health care. Every child has a right to life as articulated on article 6 of the convention. Government should also ensure provision of basic services like health care to reduce child mortality. A child is also entitled to live in a good environment with both parents and provided with good living standards which comprise of good nutrition and housing. Survival rights also involve care for children with special needs, refugees and the minority in society.4 Health care and social security are also important aspects for child survival as stated on article 24 and 26 of the convention. These rights depend on economic status of parents, legal guardians or the economic development of the country and therefore it is not easy to enforce