We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Male circumcision as an hiv control stategies and not a natural condom - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Recently, a series of epidemiological observations have reported a reduced rate HIV positive case in males undergoing circumcision in sub-Saharan Africa. In the context of this belief circumcision is also considered to be a ‘natural condom’. Some theorists are well…
Download paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Male circumcision as an hiv control stategies and not a natural condom
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Male circumcision as an hiv control stategies and not a natural condom

Reproductive Health Matters, the safest way to prevent HIV infections is still to use a condom rather than relying on assumptions which are yet to be proven sufficiently (Bonner, 2001). Bonner is of the opinion that unless certain facts are not proven practically, it is unwise to adopt and follow such assumptions. The facts to be proven encompass umpteenth number of issues such as the reason and the way how circumcision is risk-free, the exact relationship between circumcision status and the remaining STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections). Also, Bonner is still waiting for an answer backed by sufficient evidence that whether or not positive result found in high-risk populations will reap equal results in case of other general groups. However, according to Updegrove, various conclusions insist that uncircumcised males tend to suffer from higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases (Updegrove, 2001). The same has been coherently acknowledged by Ronald Gray and his team with similar mindset (Gray, Kigozi & Serwadda, et al, 2007). Other think-tanks, Bailey, Plummer and Moses, all consider circumcision as an anti-HIV measure (Bailey, Plummer & Moses, 2001). Newell and Barnighausen have gone on to confirm that male circumcision cuts down HIV risk even in the general population (Newell & Barnighausen, 2007). Nevertheless, it should be noted that all the above think-tanks do reveal a certain level of uncertainty in expressing their perspectives. Hence, the two completely distinct recommendations; whether or not to replace condoms with circumcision appear to be a highly perplexing issue.
Bonner highlights an investigation according to which circumcised men reveal higher occurrence of genital discharge (Bonner, 2001). He puts forward a French report which reveals that both circumcised as well as uncircumcised men exhibit almost same state of HPV incidence which plays a vital role in cervical cancer (Bonner, 2001). By referencing an American case, Bonner diligently ... Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Male circumcision as an hiv control stategies and not a natural condom Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393083-male-circumcision-as-an-hiv-control-stategies-and-not-a-natural-condom
(Male Circumcision As an Hiv Control Stategies and Not a Natural Condom Essay)
https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393083-male-circumcision-as-an-hiv-control-stategies-and-not-a-natural-condom.
“Male Circumcision As an Hiv Control Stategies and Not a Natural Condom Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393083-male-circumcision-as-an-hiv-control-stategies-and-not-a-natural-condom.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
HIV
This paper is a reflection on the interviews conducted with four individuals: a student, an ordinary employee who used to be a sex worker, a medical professional and an HIV counsellor. The selected individuals are from different walks of life to gather diverse opinions on the preventive measures in combating the spread of the disease and whether these measures are apposite to its cause.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Natural resistance mechanisms to HIV-1 infection
Wikipedia. 23 Feb. 2007. 24 Feb. 2007. . There are three major transmission routes which have been identified: Sexual transmission: The majority of HIV infections are acquired through this form of transmission. It can occur when infected sexual secretions of one partner come into contact with the rectal, genital or oral membranes of another.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
HIV/AIDS Control Program
Health Program evaluation is paramount to gauge the effects of public health actions, since "effective program evaluation is a systematic way to improve and account for public health actions by involving procedures that are useful, feasible, ethical, and accurate" (Framework for Program evaluation, 1999).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Infant Circumcision
Although opponents of circumcision question the mutilation or removal of foreskin resulting to painful and decrease sexual response, existing scientific evidence demonstrates potential medical benefits of neonatal male circumcision because it prevents cases of urinary tract infection (UTI), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or sexually transmitted disease (STD) and penile cancer for infants and adults.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Female Circumcision
So attempts to save the women from the practice may in fact reflect a longer-lived prejudice against all things 'African'. Njambi suggests that the current campaign against "female genital mutilation" (or FGM) in fact suggests that the human body can be separated from its cultural context, and that those who are so against the practice are perpetuating a "culture/nature dualism" that has been "roundly questioned by feminists in science studies".
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Does knowledge affect attitudes and perceived risks of HIV infection among young adults influencing consistent condom use
Adolescents have very few peer-reviewed studies relating to HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, practices beliefs and attitudes. Surveys have been conducted among adolescents subsequent to the apprehension of an increase in HIV infections.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
HIV
Although the world has succeeded to control the disease to a great extent, in many parts of the world the epidemic has caused severe socio-economic impacts on the
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Circumcision of the Newborn Male: Medical Necessity or Unecessary Surgery
It was determined that in 1980s 60% of newborn boys in the United States went through circumcision and today this rate is a bit lower – 56%. Many boys in the United States and Canada still undergo circumcision
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Condom Ads
Still, with this increasing liberalization a number of restrictions have been put in place by regulatory bodies. Recently a number of advertisements were banned for their sexual nature, while the same
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Male Control the Social World
According to the report in the Middle Eastern communities, the male control of the society is such that they deserve clean females for a marital relationship. In the Middle East, there is a social obligation of women to desist from sexual relationship until they got married. Knowing that the society they control requires them to associate with pure women.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Male circumcision as an hiv control stategies and not a natural condom for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us