If all these functions, especially those of child protection and affection are neglected, this would inevitably lead to a juvenile delinquent in our midst.
Structural Functionalism is the theory which focuses on society as an entity in which all of the components work together cooperatively and cohesively for the betterment of the overall society (http://ryoung001.homestead.com/AssessingTheory.html). It is said that the goal of structural functionalism is equilibrium or balance in society. As the basic unit of society, the family also has an important role to play as pertaining to this theory. The child should be nurtured and cared for, brought up in a loving environment, and given all the support and affection he/she needs. All members of the family should work for this goal. If the family cannot fulfill this function in society, then the functionalism theory can be deemed fruitless. An example of this would be if the child had no father and was being supported by a step-father. If the stepfather always yells at the child when he makes small mistakes, and gets a whipping when he commits bigger mistakes, then the child will develop inner hatred for the stepfather, which may develop into something else later on. This will become even a bigger problem if the mother ignores the way the stepfather treats her child and even consents to it. Hence the child grows up in an unstable family environment which may lead to juvenile delinquency later on.
The Conflict theory shows how conflict is the catalyst of social change and societal growth, rather than cooperation and cohesion. (http://ryoung001.homestead.com/AssessingTheory.html). This theory is said to be the opposite of Structural Functionalism and it thrives on the concept of conflict as the precursor of change. Sometimes, it is the conflict itself in the home which reinforces the possibility of social problems arising. When there ...
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Juvenile Delinquency is the anti-social offenses committed by people who are underage, which two adults is a crime (Binder, Geis and Bruce, 2001). Juvenile justice is the process of handling cases of juvenile delinquents in the court. The rise in anti-social behaviors has led youths to engage in juvenile offenses, in their adolescence.
Therefore, the discussions on juvenile delinquency have assumed greater significance in countries like America. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has paved the way for many films too. The film, Lord of the Flies (1990), modelled upon the novel, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding takes the boys’ attitude towards delinquency.
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between delinquency and adolescent substance abuse and the role that the interaction of peer pressure plays and which of these is most influential. The population sample will consist of 300 students from grades 9 to 12.
However, there has been no successful relationship between agencies and the community in terms of implementation of programs that contributes in helping youth offenders.
The United Nations define "child" as an "individual below twenty-one years of age." Juvenile delinquency then deals with children, minor or youth below twenty-one years of age who break laws or fail to do what law requires.
These changes have decreased the effectiveness of the juvenile courts as the social welfare institutions and converted the whole system into penal institution providing young individuals with neither therapy nor justice. The coalition for Juvenile Justice has reported in January that of the 300,000 to 600,000 juveniles who cycle through detention facilities after arrest awaiting legal action, half are under 16 years of age (Garfinkel 2004).
Now a days, youth, regardless of the constraint of gender, communal upbringing or country of dwelling, are vulnerable to individual stakes and are being presented with new distinct opportunities where some may tend to be beneficial, while others may be potentially detrimental.
The lack of a father figure or role model especially for boys is brought up constantly as a contributing factor to delinquency and other behavioral issues in children. The broken home syndrome has been part of delinquency theory in criminology for a long time. However it
In 1909, Judge Julian Mack suggested a review of the American law, arguing that juveniles should be treated like children under the rule of parents. Macks suggestions triggered the revolution and a review of the law on the basis of
Following the incidence, prosecutors filed fitness claims so that he could be charged in an adult criminal court for an attempt to murder. The charge could have seen him serve a sentence of 15 years. However, after a lengthy discussion with his family, Shawn pleaded guilty to the charges so that the juvenile system could punish him.
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