High consumption of alcohol in men can arouse anger in men, with the consequent result of domestic violence. Evaluation of the impact of treatment for alcoholism one year after the treatment demonstrated reduction of anger tantrums and violence towards the female partners (O’Farrell, Fals-Stewart, Murphy & Murphy, 2003).
The evaluation of a 15-week cognitive-behavioral skills training program for men involved in domestic violence against women demonstrated that there was a sharp decrease in the recurrence of the violent behavior in men completing the training program. In addition, in comparison to those who dropped out of the program, those who completed the training program demonstrated a lower rate of physical violence recidivism during the one year follow up period (Hamberger & Hastings, 1988).
Cognitive behavioural therapy is a popular treatment program for physically abusive men. The objective in cognitive behavioural therapy is not only to change behavior employing behavioural change models, but also to alter thinking patterns and beliefs that contribute to the violent behavior. However, very few randomised controlled effect evaluations have been conducted on the effectiveness of this treatment strategy for any definite conclusion on the effectiveness of the treatment strategy (Smedslund et al, 2007).
The Over Aggression Scale (OAS) measures aggressive behaviors on four aspects of physical aggression directed on others, physical aggression directed on self, verbal aggression, and physical aggression against objects present in the surroundings. These four classifications are further studied on the basis of ratings from one to four, with one being the least severe and four being the mist severe. This tool is extremely useful for evaluating the effect of treatment programs for reducing aggressive behavior, as it permits recording of aggressive incidents for review and comparison