The statement helps the reader to understand the reality that the failure of a number of children to learn to read and write during the initial stage of their schooling has become a serious problem.
Many of the children in America and the Asian countries have faced difficulty in learning various language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The journal article named Illiteracy in America: What to Do about It notices that “But the fact t hat so many Americans graduate without these basic reading and writing skills points to the breakdown of this l adder out of illiteracy and underscores the point that it may be the condition of education that is the real determinant of illiteracy.” (Illiteracy in America: What to do about it? 1989).
It is evident that the social, economical, and cultural factors play a vital role in promoting literacy problem among the students. The Primary and Secondary level students from both the rural and urban areas have faced the problem of literacy in their learning process.
Researchers and educational professionals often mentioned that learning or knowledge acquisition is a complex process. Sentence formation is considered as a major step in language learning. Here, the teacher shows some pictures and objects and asked the students to say what they have observed. Educational philosophers have formed a number of learning theories and techniques for students. “In the past several years, the constructive thesis has taken on a significant role in the theorizations and practices of the international education community.” (Larochelle, Bednarz & Garrison, 1998). Exponents of social constructive theory argue that; “According to Vygotsky, humans use tools that develop from a culture, such as speech and writing, to mediate their social environments.” (Social development theory (Vygotsky), 2008).