The issue in this particular case study is that Kids Pty Ltd wishes to sue Dan and Bull Pty Ltd for the loss of $80,000 profit on the Toys Club contract after loosing a lucrative contract to supply toys as a result of negligent driving by Dan who apparently blocks the only…
A tort law can be described as a civil wrong not arising from a contract and in the case of negligence, one should owe due consideration to one’s neighbour (Capiro Industries vs. Dickman 1990). Negligence therefore, can be described as the act of doing something a reasonable man would not do and a plaintiff must prove in such a case that the defendant owes a duty of care (Donoghue V. Stevenson 1932).
In this case, it is of paramount importance for the claimant to be able to prove that the negligent behaviour of the defendant which is Bull Pty Ltd would have caused the loss of the lucrative contract to supply the toys in order to win the claim that the subsequent loss after the action of the Dan could have been avoided in the event that he would have acted within reasonable limits. There are traditionally four elements of the tort of negligence which the plaintiff has to prove in order to be successful in winning the claim. There is need to prove that the defendant owed the plaintiff a duty of care, the defendant breached that duty by falling below expected standards, the defendant’s conduct caused the plaintiff to suffer physical or economic harm and the harm suffered by the plaintiff was reasonably foreseeable (Name of author and year). The four stage test has been reformed by statutory civil liability reforms in all States and Territories where recovery for loss in that situation must not be excluded by the statute. As going to be discussed in detail below, Kids P/L can establish the four elements of negligence.
The House of Lords in the case of Capiro Industries vs. Dickman (1990), proposed the adoption of the following conditions where the three stages should be taken into consideration which include; foreseeability, proximity as well as reasonability. In some cases it may not always follow that a duty of care ...
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The prosecution view in this case was that no cause of action shall arise in a case breach of contract to marry has taken place will not prohibit initiation of proceedings against the offender under sec.248.06,4 which permits civil suits for recovery of property which is taken on the strength of a fraudulent promise to marry.
There are four different elements of negligence tort; duty of care was to be exercised by the defendant, the defendant acted against the duty to care, the tort case filer experienced loss due to breach of that duty and there was actual or proximate cause and effect relationship between the losses experienced by the plaintiff and the unintentional harm caused by the defendant (Del, 1995, p.442).
On the other hand, inter-enterprise processes refer to related and structured tasks or activities distributed over two independent organizations/departments. For this reason, the control of inter-enterprise process is non-centralized. In addition, inter-enterprise processes have a heterogeneous organization environment across the various organizations departments in a single entity.
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