“Cognitive development suggests how an individual perceives, thinks, and gains understanding of his or her world by the interaction of genetic and learned factors” (Wagner, 2005). Even though there are various theories of cognitive development but two of the most illustrious…
Both Piaget and Vygotsky have deeply influenced the techniques and approaches to teaching. Furthermore, they have explained the childrens cognitive learning styles and capabilities.
Jean Piaget’s theory on children’s cognitive development, particularly with quantitative concepts, has gained a lot of attention within the field of education. Piagetian ideas on student’s quantitative growth have offered teachers teaching mathematics with significant understandings of how individuals acquire mathematical models and phenomenon.
Piaget asserted that the development of a child takes place in the course of a constant change of thought processes. A developmental stage entails a period of months or years when a particular development occurs. Even though students are frequently classified by chronological age, their development levels might vary considerably, also the rate at which each child goes through each stage. This variation may be due to maturity, knowledge, society, and the capacity of the child. Piaget further suggested that children develop progressively and slowly throughout the different stages and that the experiences in one stage form the basis for shift to the next.
Piaget presented four main stages of development; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational (Ojose, 2008). In the sensorimotor stage, an infant’s mental and cognitive characteristics evolve from birth until the emergence of language. This stage is featured by the gradual attainment of object permanence in which the child is able to locate objects after they have been moved, even if the objects have been completely removed from his or her field of vision. Another feature of children at this stage is their capacity to associate numbers to objects (Piaget, 1977). To widen the mathematical ability of a child in this stage, he is permitted sufficient opportunities to take action on the ...
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(Piaget and Vygotsky Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Piaget and Vygotsky Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393479-piaget-and-vygotsky.
This paper compares and contrasts Vygotsky, Piaget and Bruner with respect to their study of knowledge acquisition. According to Piaget “whatever goes on in the head is organised in a way that parallels the organization of external behaviour. It is the set of relationships or the logic of the system, that get internalised, not just the behaviour”(Nuthall, 1997, p.21).
After a brief introduction to the basic premises of Cognitive Development Theory, this paper will compare and contrast the approaches of Piaget and Vygotsky to intelligence and its developmental stages. Classroom applications will be considered. Not all cognitive development theories are alike, but they do share some basic premises.
These studies not only help educational institutes but also are also helpful for parents in doing better upbringing of their children. Some renowned contribution has been done by the following three major psychologists. Lev Vygotsky Vygotsky has done substantial contribution in understanding what influences the behavior and mentality of children.
Their fame also emanates from immense contribution in the unveiling of scientific approach used in evaluating cognitive progress of a child. In Piaget’s premise of language development, he utilized structuralism together with cognitive growth to expound his argument concerning child’s development (Breseler, Cooper & Pamer, 2013).
Both theories are of great importance to both childcare and pedagogical ideas.
Vygotsky thus suggests that "consciousness" is in fact the end product of socialization, rather than, as Freud et al. suggested, that social interactions depend upon the level of consciousness that has been achieved.
His work was also affirmed by another Russian psychologist called Vysgotsky. This paper gives a critical analysis of Piaget and Vygostsky's theories of cognitive development as well as their application in social work.
Jean Piaget was one of the most influential researchers in the field of developmental psychology.
As Piaget puts it, a child’s development is established through several stages, where a single stage symbolizes a qualitatively unique type of thinking. A child in the first stage has a dissimilar level of thinking with a