According to WHO (1946) "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity." However, several researchers have argued the completeness of this definition and thus several other definitions and models of…
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Discuss two of the following models of health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, LIFESTYLE THEORY, SOCIAL MODEL,LAY DEFINITIONS OF HEALTH AND/OR THE WELLNESS MODEL"
with a personal 20% discount.
The concept of biopsychosocial model is much advanced than the biomedical model and is currently being used in the field of medicine, nursing, sociology, health psychology, psychiatry, clinical social work and chiropractic medicine.
According to the biomedical model of health, physical illness is caused by a particular "pathogen" or disease causing organism (Curtis, 2000). The pathogens cause the disease because of which some physical changes occur within the body. The causative factors are not only organisms but some chemical imbalances and genetic predisposition. According to the biopsychosocial model, illness is caused due to an interplay of a multitude of factors and that most of the times illness results from an interplay of biological factors like pathogens, psychological factors like beliefs and behaviors and social factors like economic status and employment. This model of health was developed by Engel in the 1970s. The psycho aspects of health which this model proposed were cognitions like expectations of health, certain emotions like fear of treatment and important health-related behaviors like consumption of alcohol, smoking, diet and exercise (Curtis, 2000). Emotional turmoil, lack of self-control and negative thinking have been incriminated in the development of disease. The social aspects of health which this model proposed were social drinking, peer group pressure and expectations, social values of health, ethnicity, parental pressure and expectations and social class. The biopsychosocial model of health is basically based on the social cognitive theory (Curtis, 2000).
The biomedical model perceives illness as beyond the control of the individual and thus individuals are not responsible for the illness. Here patients are regarded as victims of external force that causes changes in the internal aspects of the patients. But the biopsychosocial model perceives illness as a combination of ...
Cite this document
(“Discuss two of the following models of health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393528-discuss-two-of-the-following-models-of-health-biomedical-model-lifestyle-theory-social-modellay-definitions-of-health-andor-the-wellness-model
(Discuss Two of the Following Models of Health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, Essay)
“Discuss Two of the Following Models of Health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/393528-discuss-two-of-the-following-models-of-health-biomedical-model-lifestyle-theory-social-modellay-definitions-of-health-andor-the-wellness-model.
The model was introduced in the nineteenth century and has been used widely to diagnose diseases by the doctors. According to the model every disease or disorder is caused by a physical harm. In other words the diseases or disorders are caused by germs or genes which might be changing the internal environment of the body to cause the disease.
The biomedical model insists that the health of an individual is affected when a disease, which implies specific malfunctions of the human body, affects the individual. The biomedical model is more practical when compared to the socio medical model of health (Derick, 2004).
In dealing with diseases, the rudimentary causes are ascertained and quantified. This quantification facilitates an assessment of biological risk factors as well as the behavioral risk factors associated with those diseases.
Health care is broadly based on two models of health - the medical and the social model. Medical model of health is essentially, what an average person relates to and expects when visiting a health care practitioner after having developed the signs and symptoms of an illness.
The medical model of health gazes at person’s physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms as a consequence of physical causes such as injury or infections and does not consider social and psychological factors. On the other hand the social model of health glances at society.
Although originally developed for internal use, CDCynergy has found application outside the CDC.
The planning model is designed to guide the user through systematically conceptualizing, planning, developing, testing, implementing, and evaluating health communication activities, while promoting accountability and the importance of evaluation (CDC, 2006).
Nolar Pender came up with health promotion model that hunts the possible reasons that influence behaviors through motivation. It aims to improve the health of the community as a whole and not limited to individuals.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Discuss two of the following models of health : BIOMEDICAL MODEL, LIFESTYLE THEORY, SOCIAL MODEL,LAY DEFINITIONS OF HEALTH AND/OR THE WELLNESS MODEL for FREE!