luenza and Swine Flu, the treatment for which is both complicated and costly, has strongly supported the notion of primary prevention (Molen and Siebrig, 2009). Apart from the healthcare industry, the governments are playing a potential role in implementing policies that ensure prevention at primary level. Governments and several health organizations all around the world have endeavored in their capacities to initiate programs aimed at averting diseases and epidemics.
A famous quote that is almost a cliché “Prevention is better than cure” still holds its significance in the era of science and technology when we have discovered cures for such diseases that previously were untreatable. Different aspects of prevention at primary level need attention, which include the methods, means and effectiveness of this type of prevention.
Although governments are responsible for formulating policies and guaranteeing their implementation, the role of healthcare sector is still pivotal in executing the strategies. Strong emphasis by health organizations around the world is regarding the responsibility of an individual taking care of his own health (Molen and Siebrig, 2009). This is a one the most fundamental principles of primary prevention. It includes avoiding health risks and abstinence from smoking, alcohol and unsafe sex. Besides this, the healthcare providers themselves must be responsible for their own health and wellbeing.
General preventive practices include precautionary measures taken by an individual in daily life to avoid accidents or any ill effects of a procedure that may endanger human health for example, wearing seatbelts or helmets for automobiles, avoiding exposure to harmful or poisonous chemicals, taking regular exercise, etc. Primary prevention for disease comprises measures that focus on the preclusion of disease for example, immunization, complete and timely medical checkups of individuals that are susceptible to a particular disease and to employ