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State and Society in 20th Century China - Essay Example

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State and Society in 20th Century China

s made it possible “to fight corruption, remove superfluous political intrusion in the economy and launch the rule of law, democratic culture and democratic institutions” (Li, 2003).
Deng’s policy made a great emphasis on correct organizational line. His ideas made policy of China well-structured and coherent. He took into account experiences of previous years under guidance of Mao. Deng insisted that this politician had a lot of achievements and though he had mistakes in his policy, the first and foremost were his advances. Thus Deng was guided by concept of socialism: “The ends justify the means.” Further on Deng made out a perfect unification of Communist Party strategies and Chinese cultural issues. “Socialism with Chinese characteristics” was of his primary concern (Gittings, 2005).
An open policy, integration of Four Cardinal principles (following path of socialism, support of the dictatorship of the proletariat, guidance by the Communist Party and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought) political and economic reforms signified Deng’s policy (Gittings, 2005).
His policy had two basic poles: socialist democracy development and intensification of socialist legal system (Gittings, 2005). A holistic approach to changes made Deng-era a landmark in Chinese history. On the basis of crucial role of leadership and through strategic directions of economic reforms led to totalitarian regime of the country. If to sum up his political reforms, they were as follows: innovations of state apparatus, development of incentives among working class people. He claimed on delegation of power from governmental level to lower levels and further cooperation on all power levels. Deng’s policy made a great emphasis on correct organizational line. His ideas made policy of China well-structured and coherent. Of course, his political incentives were hard to be embodied to the fullest extent, thus it required a complex political approach.
Economic system has also ...Show more


He turned upside down previous traditions of Mao’s government. His great reforms gave his name to political and economic changes in the county from 1978. International affairs and political reform was high on the agenda for this…
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State and Society in 20th Century China
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