The World Health Organization (2009) also sets forth that for the last 45 years, worldwide suicide rates have increased by 60%; suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the 15-44 age-range in some countries; and it is the second leading cause of death in the 10-24 age group (WHO, 2009). Suicide attempts have also increased to 20 times in frequency. Moreover, the rates of suicide among the young people have also increased and have garnered much attention for being the most at-risk age group in both developed and in developing countries (WHO, 2009). In Europe and much of North America, mental disorders like depression and alcohol use disorders are the most common causes of suicide. In the UK, from 1991 to 2008, suicide rates in people aged 15 years and above decreased; a sharp increase was however seen in 2008 (Office of National Statistics, 2010). All over the world and in the UK, suicides are more prevalent among males than females with numbers peaking in 2007 and 2008 for both genders. Considering the above scenario of this health problem and risk, this paper shall now critically appraise a framework for interpreting suicidal behaviour and to understand it usage within a particular context. This paper shall compare and contrast this framework with other frameworks or models; identity advantages/disadvantages and strengths/weaknesses of the chosen framework. This paper shall use different journals, books, and scholarly articles in order to arrive at a comprehensive and reliable evaluation of the subject matter. This paper is being conducted in the hope of understanding suicidal behaviour as a multifaceted phenomenon. Through this paper a more academic and evidence-based understanding of suicide is hoped.
The social theory or framework is one of the most popular theories or frameworks being used to interpret suicidal behaviour. A focus on Durkheim’s social theory shall be made for this study. Durkheim