(Sowney, & Barr, 2008). At the same time, little is known about the experiences of nurses or the families of these patients nor the nature of the challenges that are faced. There is a lack of understanding that weakens the ability of the nursing staff to reduce barriers and provide a service that is equitable for people with intellectual disabilities. There is the belief that because many of the issues that occur, care should be given in a community setting instead of a hospital setting, however this is under debate (Lennox, Rey-Conde, Purdie, et.al., 2007).
People with intellectual disabilities comprise about 2% of the UK population. Demographics have been changing, however, and intellectual disabilities increased by 54% over a period of 35 years from the year 1960 to 1995 (Cooper, Melville, & Morrison, 2004). There then followed another 9% increase over the years of 1998 to 2008. These changes have occurred due to improvements in socioeconomic conditions, intensive neonatal care, and increasing survival rates. The health needs of people who have intellectual disabilities impact primary healthcare services as well as secondary healthcare specialties. There are many health inequalities in this group of people and their disabilities may affect their experience in the hospital as well as their family and the staff working there in either a positive or negative way based on how prepared everyone involved is.
There are many special issues in healthcare in with people who have intellectual disabilities. The majority of people with intellectual disabilities live in the worlds less developed countries. However, there is a lack of understanding in their care in all countries. There is still so little known about the types of care that are needed most. There is also a great lack of understanding as to the experiences of this group of adults and what their perspectives