From the dawn of mankind, humans have searched within, without, and every corner of their being as well as their surrounding for answers to identity and principles in a world which is seemingly disordered, chaotic, purposeless, and never ending. The existentialists would agree…
Divinity relates to the existence and our subsequent belief in God, Gods, and/or Goddesses. Various cultures have followed polytheistic and monotheistic ideals of divinity for centuries. Some still survive today and some do not. One such Deity representation which has become a symbol rather than actual worship in the modern world is the Goddess Culture, or Goddess centered worships. Though it has manifested itself in pop culture, mass consumerism, and various outspread ‘occult’ religions, it has powerful roots in practices of old.
We know that civilization’s cradle was hunting and agriculture. These two aspects were attributed to male and female counterparts as part of a natural living arrangement. Women and agriculture were equated as being fertile, bringing forth new life and vitality. This gave way to perhaps a self-constructed notion of a female deity which was responsible for vegetative-ness. Though we may not see evidence of it in our current world surroundings, the European Goddess culture of old lasted for thousands of years and has managed to permeate into differing modern day contexts.
The eventual suppression of Goddess worship came about as a result of a number of factors. Historians largely believe that the Eastern dominance of Europe had a major impact. They brought biological knowledge of male procreation as well as their own mostly patriarchal values to Europe. This slow evolvement of thought coupled with male brute strength eventually came to replace the concept of the Divine Feminine and render her inferior to men. The situation was intensified when the witch-hunts and witch-burnings of the Middle Ages began to take place all across Europe and America. These were the same women who were considered heretics, pagans, and followers of some unnatural nature religion.
But prior to such suppression, somewhere during the pre-Christian era, polytheistic ...
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and explains the reasons behind practicing certain customs and traditions. Greek scholar named Euhemerus (cited in Littleton, 2005) puts forward one of the earliest theories about the nature and origin of myths. He holds the view that Gods and Goddesses in the myths were based on historical events and the exaggeration of the exploits of kings and queens over the time placed them in myths (p.10).
World Religions. Born in Australia, Dr. Peter L. Berger is a famous American Sociologist. “He is currently a professor of religion and sociology, and the director of The Institute for the Study of Economic Culture at Boston University” (Xiao, 1999, p. vii).
Religions of the World.
In a world with over seven billion human inhabitants, it comes as no surprise that there are hundreds of religions that help these many individuals see their world and their life in a special, meaningful, and profound way. These religions also allow people to better understand their world and their place in it.
According to the report religion has been a great part of the human existence and has been known to be in existence since the beginning of the existence of man. It has played a great role in the life of man and the most obvious of all the roles it plays in the life of the human beings, is the creation of a ground or a platform on which humans can socialize.
nal god, exclusive of all others, but more closely related to henotheism, a blend of the two where there is one main deity, either with multiple manifestations and names, or one main deity with many associates. While early Egyptologists felt that atenism was a predecessor of
rst century) (Lindberg 2009); while Islam was founded by Prophet Muhammad in Makkah (currently in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia) in year 610 AD (Maps 1999).
Since the start of both these religions, they have always been constantly spreading in all parts of the world. Some parts