Under the Homeland Security Act “the Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) replaced the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) (Goldstein 2010). The USCIS has enforced greater restrictions concerning immigration, whether dealing with immigrants, non-immigrants, and illegal aliens. All of these restrictions were in the name of Homeland Security.
Before 9/11 immigration laws were not as tough. The main concern was quotas and illegal aliens from Mexico. After 9/11 immigrations laws have changed. Some of the notable changes are passports are required to go into and from Canada and Mexico. Before 9/11 U.S. citizens could usually show their driver’s license to come and go into both countries. Today a passport is needed for every man, woman, and child crossing the border. This is one of the changes created under the new legislation.
increased denial and revocation of visas for admission of foreign visitors, sanctions against employers of undocumented aliens, raids of workplaces and elsewhere, self-reporting requirements, notification by local authorities of foreign nationals, criminal prosecutions, and border controls. (Nafziger 2009:557)
The theory behind denial and revocation of visas for foreign visitors or non-immigrants are due to the 9/11 terrorists having easy access to temporary or visitor visas. The sanctions against businesses using illegal aliens and raids of workplaces against illegal aliens do not have anything to do with post-9/11. These measures are used to end illegal aliens, not fight terrorism. Likewise self reporting requirements are not used to fight terrorism. Notification by local authorities can be a tool to fight terrorism, as can criminal prosecutions. Border controls do not create a defense against terrorism, since the terrorist are not crossing the border illegally.
The question becomes why create legislation to enforce strict rules on all immigrants, non-immigrants,