How did the early contacts between different civilizations – in Spain, along the Silk Road, and in Africa – play a role in re-orienting world history away from Mesopotamia and Asia and towards the Atlantic Ocean?
Silk road was the Euro-Asian trade route that…
Making use of the contacts acquired along the silk route, Europe, and especially Spain, was learning several things from Asia, China and the Islamic world. Europeans tried to learn the craft of textile weaving and dyeing from Indians and Chinese (Pomeranz, 45). Africa was the most skilled manufacturer of steel and iron (Pomeranz, 45). In health care also, Europe had one or two things to learn from the Asian cities (Pomeranz, 46). There was technology transfer happening along the silk road from Europe to Asia and Africa as well. The spread of printing technology was an example. Cultural exchanges also enriched different civilisations along this trade route. But the fall of Mongol empire was fatal to the travels and transactions through this route and soon it disintegrated.
The silk road was abandoned by European nations by sixteenth century as “lack of a unifying political authority in Central-Asia made long-distance overland trade in expensive goods less and less viable” (Foltz, 143). The Islamization of the silk road and the rising conflicts between Islamic world and the Christian world made Europeans think of viable trade alternatives (Foltz, 143). China and India were the new avenues to be explored but Europe yet had not access to these lands unless through Central Asia. The voyages to find a sea route to China and Asia accidentally led to the discovery of the New World, the Americas. The civilisation of Europe had a great cultural history to its credit until then.But gradually Europeans turned into the greatest colonisers and exploiters of the world. The material wealth and trade economy gained importance in the society than culture and human values.
Atlantic islands were gaining importance in the life of Europe owing to three reasons. Many of these islands were virgin and extremely fertile and could become the backdrop for highly productive agriculture (Parry, 121). The ...
Cite this document
(“History Exam Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/395814-history-exam
(History Exam Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“History Exam Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/395814-history-exam.
The previous investigations and knowledge gathered by other researchers act as theory which establishes the abilities, expectations and equipment for a successful completion of any research. It is worthy to mention that relevant theory can support the knowledge base of the phenomenon to be researched (Sinclair, 2007).
They are especially fascinating to watch because they provide a window into history. We see what life was like during the Eisenhower administration, for example, and what kinds of issues preoccupied people. It was clear that they had a lot on their mind. We see the nascent American advertising machine revving up, playing on peoples' hope, dreams and fears.
The activities of nursing evolve when events call for consideration towards the helpless people and sympathy towards those who suffer. During those ages when women were confined within their homes and family life, nursing had become a household art. Progress of nursing has been influenced by the duties of women and their economic independence.
Needless to say, a child’s confinement to a hospital, despite its length, can easily torment parents. Considerably, being informed that one’s child has autism, which could take a lifetime to cure, is probably the worst situation a parent could face. In light of this, research regarding autism is very significant as it gives cheerful hope to every parent of a child with autism.
Apple Inc. is renowned American consumer electronics Company. The company is headquartered at Cupertino, California, USA. The company was founded by Steve Jobs, Ronald Wayne and Steve Wozniak in the year 1976. They have established more than three fifty retail outlets across the globe.
The president declared that there should be no racial discrimination in the employment sector. This order was because of the realization of the discrimination for the African Americans. The main function of the order was to empower the Fair Employment Practices Committee to inspect complaints and take action in against alleged employment discrimination.
Although Reagan gained domestic and global popularity, many people did not appreciate his style.
Reagan’s referred to the Soviet Union as evil, and he wanted to redefine it; Reagan decided to form a defense union, which increased America’s budget. He spent