is a reality that some countries are affected by extreme climatic conditions such as frequent droughts, floods as well as hurricanes while the resources to combat these impacts are limited. Against this background, I was fascinated to choose this topic for my research paper from the understanding that the activities of human beings are the greatest contributors to global warming since my father is currently running a chemical trading business in South Korea. It is a company that specializes in the trading of environment-friendly chemical products. What also fascinated me were its innovative environmental systems, such as the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) which can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emitted from the chimneys and roofs of factories, houses and buildings. Therefore, global warming and keeping the earth clean has always been an interesting topic for me to research in a bid to learn more about the real problem associated with global warming and how can it seriously impact on human life. The issues of climate change have become topical in many societies, but there is need to generate more knowledge about the effects of global warming and what to do about the causes of global warming.
Global warming and climate change are world wide issues related to our environment that cannot be easily or quickly ignored anymore. In February 2007, the United Nations released a scientific report that concludes that global warming is happening and will continue to happen for centuries. The report also stated with 90% certainty that the activity of humans has been the primary cause of increasing temperatures over the past few decades (United Nations 2007). The relationship between human civilization and the earth has often been seen as catastrophic where the activities of men are colliding with the planet’s ecological system resulting in extreme changes particularly in the climate. Gore (2006) states that, “In every corner of the globe- on land and in