In an era marked by post-revolutionary French political philosophy, positivist jurisprudence and Darwinian models of evolutionary progress, the emergence of Argentina as a South American nation in 1810 was created through a web of often contradictory social formations.i At the…
Cultural productions of this period, such as Sarmiento’s (1868) Civilization and Barbarism were put into dialogue with international debates over the nature and place of ‘primitivism’ in a country undergoing transformation as a bourgeois and modern state.ii For Sarmiento and like minded intellectuals, progressive thought was sanctioned with moral concepts related to social intervention and ultimately, domination. Mastery of all things ‘natural’ and untamed included everything from domesticating the frontiers of the pampas; to the monitoring of an ever increasing and potentially dangerous underclass; and finally, universal management of hysterical behaviors by children, women, the infirm and insane.iii
Modernity in Argentina was not, and has never been, just a narrative about the progressive enlightenment of self-disciplined ‘citizens;’ it has always depended on the coercive re-ordering and management of ‘nature.’ Women, children and indigenous people were all classified within a hierarchical arrangement in varying distances from what it meant to be a fully realized human and individual citizen. The flexibility of ‘civilization’ narratives allowed for a knitting together of otherwise incompatible models of thought. Working toward the Arcadian arrival of a progressive, pacified, and rational social order, ‘civilization’ provided a powerful rallying point for Argentines. The convergence of territory and citizenry into a utopian patriotics of ‘Argentinidad’ was a specifically Argentine amalgamation of national cultural perspectives.
Integral to Argentina’s modernity was the authority of the Catholic Church.iv Perhaps the singularly most powerful institution dedicated to the inherency of colonial Argentina, the Church’s participation in the mission of modernity in the post-independence era, while not circumscribed as Modernist, ...
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“Colonialism And Culture In Latin America Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/397405-colonialism-and-culture-in-latin-america.
The relationship between colonizers and the colonized is similar to the relationship that existed between Europe and Latin America. The relationship was that Europe was the master and Latin America the slave (Galeano 12). As the master, Europe was exercising her authority on Latin America in an attempt to control Latin America Fully.
Suriname, Jamaica, Belize, and Guyana are also included since they have similar economic, political and political histories. Many indigenous people inhibited the region before the arrival of Europeans. These people include the Aztec, Inca and Maya. However, by the end of the 16th century, most of the Latin regions were occupied by European settlers especially from Spain, Portugal and Netherlands (Quijano 2000).
It is rightly argued that an honest American quest to oust the European colonial powers for the better political future of the Latin people was made, but unfortunately it later turned out into the strengthening of its own strategic interests in the region.
White peninsulares (those born in Spain) and criollos (those born in America of Spanish background) were considered elite then; they were served by the white Canary Islanders, who naturally worked as wage laborers; then came a large group of ethnically mixed pardos,
Latin America is composed of twenty independent countries, those are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua. Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Similarly, like many other regions, the factor of colonization and influence of the western cultures on the region remain evident in the establishment of the current characteristics and cultures of the people. The issue of independence
According to the report colonial powers contributed to the spread of Christianity and suppression of the traditional religions and introduction of new languages such as Spanish, English, Dutch, French and Portuguese. The Latin American political problems during the colonial period resulted from the paternalism and Spanish colonial system.
The geography of the region is normally likened to a bowl of some sorts because of its interior that is flat and surrounded by mountains (Carlson, 1952). Apart from the plains at the coasts that are narrow, the Latin America is basically composed of
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