The credit goes to the entire team rather than individuals when a team member performs an outstanding work. Same way when a team performs badly because of a particular team member, the blame goes to the team rather than to the individuals. Thus in a teamwork environment, the team is important than the individuals in it. This paper briefly explains the coordination of work in a team, the role of individuals in a team, strategies used for setting goals, delegation, coordination and resolving conflicts in a team evaluation of effectiveness of a team etc.
Coordination and cooperation of team members is essential for the success of team work. In a team, all the members work in a supportive environment. Each member of the team is just like a link in a chain. The chain can be broken even if only one link of the chain became weak. Same way, the weak performance of even a single team member may destroy the entire goals of the team. In order to prevent that all the team members will take more care in helping each other and the weak links in teams need particular attention from others. Team leader should coordinate the team functions and he should be able to identify the weak links in the team and should take remedial actions to strengthen that link.
In a team, different people may have different roles. Specialists, shapers, team workers, completers/finishers, implementers, resource investigators, coordinators, evaluators, planters etc are mostly common in all the teams (Belbin team role theory). Consider the construction of a building. Engineers, architects, masons etc are the specialists in this construction team. Shapers in this case are the construction managers who streamline the construction work in the right track. Team workers include all the members of the team including the skilled and unskilled labours. Completers or finishers in this case are the skilled workers who give final touches to the project work. Implementers in a