For instance, capital punishment is virtually outlawed within the European Union. At the same time, it is aggressively defended by various domestic laws in the USA, the People’s Republic of China and even in many Islamic states (Hodgkinson and Rutherford, 1996).
That is to say, the practice of capital punishment has a rather haunting history. The modes and processes of such punishment were harsher with more severe consequences on the part of the offenders in comparison to today’s practices of capital punishment. However, this paper is not going to discuss those practices. More particularly, the paper focuses on the relevance of capital punishment in the present day scenario, which is more complicated with regard to taking into consideration the global institutions and laws such as the UN, Amnesty International, and Human Rights. It is important to note that although the prohibition on the application of capital punishment has been relatively well accepted internationally, more than half the population of the world live in countries where it is still practiced.
Capital punishment, to some extent, and in an effective way, has certain pros to consider, especially in the context of specific crimes. Although, the international human rights law has already gathered a faster and stronger pace in support of the implication on restricting death penalty under all circumstances. But developed countries like the United States of America still practice capital punishment with the belief that justice is the final word for crime and punishment, especially the heinous ones.
The applications of capital punishment are highly controversial. The primary issue over the practice of death penalty includes the debate whether it is the best way to stop crime completely or it is a violation of human rights. As for the statistical records, developed countries like the United States of America practices the use of capital punishment