(www.scribd.com).3 The invention of transistor changed the computers development by replacing the large, cumbersome vacuum tube in televisions, radios and computers thus shrinking the electronic devices (www.dia.eui.upm.es).4 The present paper briefly documents the changes in British media after 1950s after the invention of transistor.
Sjoberg (n.d) mentions that transistor changed the way information was received earlier to the discovery. The transistor made it possible for the individuals to take ones radio to whatever place which was not possible in the case of television. And moreover electronic media use outside the households was only possible with transistor.5 It is further stated that application of frequency modulation technique for superimposing audio signals on the VHF carrier was a serious development in radio broadcasting in 1950. This facilitated the people to listen radio with great digitized audio at better frequency. In 1960, a geostationary communication satellite was yet another innovation in radio technology, the idea which was conceived by British scientist Arthur C. Clarke. It is pertinent to mention that an innovation called stereophony was developed in the late 1950s and used in the United Kingdom for sound broadcasting (Vardhan, 2002). The changes in the technology used to produce and transmit radio have been linked to the rise of an autonomous youth culture and the introduction of portable transistor radio in early 1950s (Chignell, 2009)6. The invention of transistor has resulted in audio digitization which was first introduced Alec Reeves of England which is known as pulse code modulation. As a result of the most cost effective audio digitization of analogue audio signal, broadcasting of additional data with added values to traditional voice and music was possible which enabled multimedia