Thesis statement/argument: Whether the international conferences on environmental security is capable to safeguard environmental (human) security or not?
Generally speaking, military threat, external or internal, is considered as the most important threat to nation states. Page (2000, p.37) makes clear that traditional studies on human security is strictly limited to the sphere of violent conflict among world nations. But now, environmental change due to human encroachment upon nature is a major threat on human security. So, the United Nations’ initiative to organize a major conference (Stockholm Conference) on environmental issues is a turning point in environmental politics. It helped the whole world to be aware of environmental problems and its after-effects. First of all, the Conference put forth a master plan for the preservation of nature. The declarations included principles, action plans, recommendations and a resolution. The major issues discussed were the Ozone layer depletion and global warming. The initiative undertaken by the member states by formulating a framework for future co-operation in dealing with environmental issues was really innovative. Besides, it motivated the European Union to formulate its environmental policies. In addition, the Stockholm Conference was helpful to create global awareness on preservation of nature. McCormick (1991, P. 88) makes clear that the Stockholm Conference held in 1972 positively influenced the growth of environmental consciousness in international level. For instance, it initiated the formation of Environmental and Consumer Protection Directorate and the Environmental Action Program. Besides, the Stockholm Conference helped the member states to take effective measures to minimise the effect of global warming and eventually led to Kyoto Protocol.
Generally, implementation and proper evaluation of Protocols on environmental security equips the world nations