It was a claim and struggle against something. It was an expression of a struggle against denial of humanity, denial of respect and dignity and denial of the African identity. It was the struggle to bring back African mind to Africa as well as a time to end the historical experience of racial humiliation, political oppression, economic exploitation and cultural domination under European slavery (Shivji, p6).
Three components characterized African nationalism and various emphases, accent and formulations occurred in all African nationalists’ thoughts and consciousness. Pan Africanism, Independence and Racial Equality dominated the continent in the 1950s. Each country’s actions were focused in opposition to imperial domination and this basic opposition effort is what constituted nationalism. The objective of the struggle varies across historical periods, but the struggle is the common principle. Therefore, it is not so much that nations were searching or struggling for dignity, identity and independence, but rather a people facing a common problem of domination and exploitation claiming their freedom. Nationalism can be summed up in to three elements namely Unity, Independence and Equality. The three cannot be separated and together they constitute and express African nationalism (Shivji, p32).
African leaders were in the front line in making sure that elements of African nationalism were instilled in the people. For example, Kwame Nkrumah, who studied in the United States and was heavily influenced by the books of African-American theorists such as C.L.R. James and George Padmore, played a major role in introducing Pan-Africanism and articulating the identity of the African people both on the continent and abroad. As early as 1963, Nyerere once admitted that basically, Pan-Africanism meant African unity.
Colonialism and imperialism led to the development of ‘African personality’ and ‘Negritude’ theories. At the centre of these ...
Cite this document
(“The rise of African Nationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/398347-the-rise-of-african-nationalism
(The Rise of African Nationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“The Rise of African Nationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/398347-the-rise-of-african-nationalism.
South Africa’s geographical area is seen to extend from the Limpopo River which marks its northern most point to the southernmost tip of the continent of Africa. This vast region is estimated to be approximately a sixth of the size of the United States (Heath, 2009).
During periods of conflict, many government leaders rely on how citizens feel about their country to recruit soldiers as well as to gain support for the continuation of a fighting strength. When governments fall out of favor with the nation's people, many issues can arise which can lead to increased discord and an overall lack of support.
Being primarily based on the understanding that nationalism is first and foremost a form of politics (Breuilly 1), the paper expounds on the different varieties of nationalism and traces their development over times. In doing so, the paper starts with the prelude to nationalism in early modern Europe and goes through the separatist and unification forms of nationalism worldwide in the nineteenth century, including Arab nationalism in the Ottoman Empire.
What forms did african nationalism take down to the 1960's?
According to Okoth (2006), African nationalism was the resistance of the owners of the nations to foreigners so that they could exercise their rights and freedom. There were many types of African nationalism such as the African National Congress in South Africa and The Convection People Party in Ghana lead by Kwame Nkrumah.
However, as Hitti (1943) writes in his analysis of the Islamic conquest, this particular event is not simply militarily or historically significant but, above all, is culturally and politically important. The Arab conquest of the North African and the Levantine countries was as much a cultural conquest as it was military one.
Since that time, the nationalist quest to blot out the humiliation China suffered at the hands of imperialist has been a recurring theme in Chinese politics. Almost all powerful Chinese political leaders from the early twentieth century through today have shared a deep bitterness at this humiliation and are determined to restore China's pride and prestige, as well as its rightful place in the world.
In other nations such as Tanganyika, now Tanzania, Ghana, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe and Libya, there was a lot of resistance. All in all, peace was hoped for in all regions.
During the initial years that colonialists lived in Africa, Indigenous