Merton, then, explains how people cope with social norms, goals, standards and means of achieving the prescribed goals. When people are able to conform with the legitimate means of achieving the prescribed goals, they conform with the social norms. In an anomic society, people cope through different means. There are ritualists, those who conform with the legitimate means, conforming to social norms but not expecting to achieve the prescribed goals. When people cannot achieve the prescribed goals through legitimate means, they tend to find other ways, resorting to illegitimate means of achieving the goals. This creates deviance and individuals begin to adapt using rebellion, innovation or retreatism. Individual’s choice of adaptation depends on how they view the prescribed goals and means in achieving it. It depends on their willingness to conform or reject the standards set by the society.
Sex work or prostitution can be legitimate or illegitimate depending on the set of values and norms of the society. The exchange of sex for money or material possessions equivalent to the service given can be viewed in different perspectives. A society that views it as legitimate will have no problem since people conform to the social standards of working to get economically successful, one the ultimate prescribed goals of most societies. If prostitution is viewed as illegal in the society, then, it becomes a deviant behavior.
The standards, norms and values of the society are created and developed through the shared meanings of the majority or the entire society. These socially accepted standards, norms and values becomes the guiding principle of the individual’s behavior and lives. This becomes the basis of their means in achieving the prescribed goals of their societies. Economic success has been one of the measures of being successful as an individual. This can be classified as a prescribed goal by the society, as it creates personal and economical
Robert Merton’s strain theory explains deviant behavior in terms of anomie and the collapse and discrepancy of achieving the culturally prescribed goals and legitimate means of achieving it. The society defines the goals and the legitimate means in achieving these goals. For…
The study is being conducted within the framework of Social Control Theory of Criminology, which vehemently looks for the implementation of powerful and decisive role of a social establishment for the elimination of criminal behavior and deviancy from society.
Demonstrated, will be the basic tenets of both theories in relation to crime with a few instances that will serve to show how these theories explain deviance. Both theories will also be examined insofar as their limitations. It will be argued that among the theories in question, conflict theory is more comprehensive than functionalism, but still limited in terms of the scope of explanation.
This papers will investigate the two key criminology schools of thought (positivist and classical), their perspectives and views of human nature, justice and reason for sentencing crime suspect. The discussion will also outline the profound differences and similarities between the two schools of thoughts.
This has led to widespread concerns over the adoption of measures aimed at averting crime. In the recent years, there has been increased media attention regarding crime in the City of Toronto (Agnew and Cullen 118). The city is marred by gun-related violence, which have escalated into a widespread nightmare that is often described as a pandemic.
In its analysis of these perspectives and theories, the book demonstrates the relevance of each of theory and perspective to criminology. This book is of paramount important in this essay because of its coverage on feminist core elements and its depiction of the feminist perspective approach to criminology.
So, the theory concludes, that if an object is not properly guarded and if the reward correlates with the risk then a crime is likely to happen. Crime does not happen because of a great number of wicked people or the appearance of some super-predators in the area. The crime
These cases are particularly in relation to robbery, distribution of stolen items and the highly intense criminal act of setting fire to the governmental premises. The cases are presented in such a form that first their description is provided and then the
The monopolistic systems of policing have paved the way to pluralised systems, largely fragmented across networks of security governance (McCrie, 2006). This interconnection of the policing function is understood as a broad process of social change linked with numerous areas of
The author states that the criminological theory that is applicable to this scenario is the social learning theory which states that deviant values as well as behaviors are learned by an individual when he/she is constantly in contact with social surroundings that promote deviant behavior. Social learning theory is applicable to this scenario.
Strain theory emphasizes the unmatched opportunities available to individuals. The case of the US explores this idea where there is one goal of achieving greater economic and social prosperity. A skewed distribution of resources and institutional discrimination seems to limit access of the African American minority leading to system manipulation.
4 pages (1000 words)Essay
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