Peter Ache poses a much obligatory yet ignored question; ‘as the classical and traditional models of city planning are getting obsolete, what possible means and techniques could help mankind improve contemporary spatial planning models so that they could encompass the demands…
nd contemporary means of communication, incessant learning, radical architectural creativity, and of course a new assortment of governance.(Ache, 2000)
These figures make NRW the economic capital of the federal republic and this also makes it very difficult to craft a creative plan as it is an already established and developed region; since there might be a lot of political intervention and fear amongst the business holders.(Ache, 2000)
The principle economic region of NRW is Rhein-Ruhr Agglomeration, which is home to 8 million people amongst the total 17.8 million for NRW; with Düsseldorf as its economic capital, which inhibits more than 500,000 people (as of 1995 of course).
Secondly, the Rhein-Ruhr region is not measured as a solo district legislatively, but is rather divided into 3 decentralized segments and 2 landscape associations from the perspective of land planning legislations. Any planning document for the region has never been crafted considering the whole system as a unit. So technically, this segment of land is not an official region of the state; but considering the above demographics, the author indirectly emphasizes the imperativeness of a unified planning association, perhaps an agglomeration amongst the landscape associations and NRW planning authorities.(Ache, 2000)
The author cleverly emphasizes the value of the actors (present and probable future inhabitants) in the planning process. He further emphasizes the value of spatial planning as a crucial element of regional planning; which was of course instinctive.
The author has stressed spatial planning for Rhein-Ruhr region, but had failed to accentuate other regions of NRW. This would not enable the planning commissions to diversify their resources spatially and would severely shift the finances towards the Rhein-Ruhr region and might lead to devolution of other regions, and an unprecedented expansion of the Rhein-Ruhr region might be excruciating for the planning commissions.
Of course, ...
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(Globalisation and Creative Economies: Universal Planning Templates Essay)
“Globalisation and Creative Economies: Universal Planning Templates Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/398520-globalisation-and-creative-economies-universal-planning-templates.
This essay first traces the economic globalisation as: increasing economic activities across the globe, through distribution of products or services by reducing international trade barriers. The major forces working behind the phenomenon is development in the communication infrastructure and the use of internet in our daily routines.
According to Rothenberg (2003), “globalisation is the acceleration and intensification of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations” (pp: 1). Today, with the altering viewpoints, globalisation has emerged as “neologism of the new millennium” (Putko, 2006: 1).
Products of whatever kind and products that threatened world extinction began to dominate man’s quest for progress and development. That is materialism at its worst, or at its best. Recent authors and commentators assert that globalisation began at the end of the Cold War which was in the period 1989-1991.
Globalization has increased the concerns of several nations as it poses a threat to the initiatives that are taken on the local level and these initiatives are indigenous in nature. Developing countries have already been burdened by the negative side of globalization and they have started protesting against it.
It has been referred to as the homogenization of people’s tastes and demand patterns around the world as communications and information technology, and transportation of people and products has increased across borders. Homogenization of tastes may imply loss of threat to national identity but scholars argue that people being more and more knowledgeable about each other is also a dimension of globalization (Hammond and Grosse, 2003).
In essence, globalisation is a powerful real aspect with regard to the new world system, where it signifies one of the most prominent forces that assist in determining the future course of the world. Moreover, globalisation has various dimensions that assist in the process of making the world a single society.
Bramham (1994) states that human resource planning or workforce planning refers to the organisational activity of assessing and evaluating employee issues to ensure that the organisation would be capable to have the needed worker calibre in future. Taylor (1998) suggests that planning is done in an organisation to ascertain the availability of best suitable employee at best suitable position when the organisation needs it.
Hence we are faced with either a process or a strategy, and they are not the same.
Trade, investment, finance and labour are the important elements of world economy. Globalisation is the expansion of these economic activities across