nd contemporary means of communication, incessant learning, radical architectural creativity, and of course a new assortment of governance.(Ache, 2000)
These figures make NRW the economic capital of the federal republic and this also makes it very difficult to craft a creative plan as it is an already established and developed region; since there might be a lot of political intervention and fear amongst the business holders.(Ache, 2000)
The principle economic region of NRW is Rhein-Ruhr Agglomeration, which is home to 8 million people amongst the total 17.8 million for NRW; with Düsseldorf as its economic capital, which inhibits more than 500,000 people (as of 1995 of course).
Secondly, the Rhein-Ruhr region is not measured as a solo district legislatively, but is rather divided into 3 decentralized segments and 2 landscape associations from the perspective of land planning legislations. Any planning document for the region has never been crafted considering the whole system as a unit. So technically, this segment of land is not an official region of the state; but considering the above demographics, the author indirectly emphasizes the imperativeness of a unified planning association, perhaps an agglomeration amongst the landscape associations and NRW planning authorities.(Ache, 2000)
The author cleverly emphasizes the value of the actors (present and probable future inhabitants) in the planning process. He further emphasizes the value of spatial planning as a crucial element of regional planning; which was of course instinctive.
The author has stressed spatial planning for Rhein-Ruhr region, but had failed to accentuate other regions of NRW. This would not enable the planning commissions to diversify their resources spatially and would severely shift the finances towards the Rhein-Ruhr region and might lead to devolution of other regions, and an unprecedented expansion of the Rhein-Ruhr region might be excruciating for the planning commissions.