The third section discusses the power entrusted to people employed in the private security industry and their specific roles. The fourth section compares the benefits and drawbacks of public partnership within the Private Security Industry Act 2001. Finally, the study concludes with the obvious benefits and drawbacks that complicate the role of the law within the security industry.
Private Security has been important to civilisation especially since the industrial age. Investigative literatures have enriched and entertained people throughout the past two centuries, and famous investigators and their escapades have become folklores. The renowned Sherlock Holmes is a case in point.
Over 60 years ago, Abraham Maslow, the father of modern management psychology, pointed out that safety needs comprising of: protection, security, order, law, limits and stability are the second most important needs of human being (abraham-maslow.com, 2009). Further, according to Reith, evolution of quest for security takes place in four phases. These are the search for collective security, need for rules and laws, and predictably some people would not obey laws and the means to compel observance of rules found (docstoc.com, 2009).
From time immemorial humans needed security for their protection. In ancient days, people used weapons for their physical protection and lived in cliff dwellings or lake and even erected walls and gates, the Great Wall of China stands as a testimony to this. With the progress of civilisation, the rulers began to appointed specific people to protect citizens and their property from theft, thus began the journey of security.
In the middle ages, in England tithing-groups of ten were made responsible for law and order. With conquest of Norman the Frankpledge system emerged, where all free Englishmen needed to swear to maintain peace1 (Encyclopaedia Britanica, n.d.). Eventually, Magna Carta, The Great Charter of English liberty granted (under considerable