But a detailed study and integration of all available data are still pending. The sites having physical remains of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods are in need of a systematically organized excavation (Bowman 1996: 239).
Also, the pagan-Christian clashes had effected the destruction of many archeologically important structures during this period (Bowman 1996:214). It has been recorded in history that “native Christians were determined to erase all traces of ancient heretical ways” (Brewer and Teeter, 1999: 4). In AD 392, Theodocius, the ruler of Rome and Egypt put forth an edit by which all the pagan temples in the Empire were closed (Brewer and Teeter, 1999: 4). The city of Alexandria was a treasure trove of archeological evidence, which was wholly wiped away by the Christian attacks (Bowman 1996: 207). Of the 2478 temples, 6152 courts, 24296 houses, 1561 baths, 845 taverns and 456 porticoes listed as to have existed in the great city of Alexandria by Patriarch of Antioch in the Twelfth century, only some modest structures near the theatre dating back to late Roman and Byzantine periods remain as an archeological relic (Bowman 1996: 208). In 642, Egypt was surrendered to the Arabs by Byzantium (Bowman 1996: 234). Though the Egyptian culture was made obscure by this change of rule, the archeological evidences that garnished the entire landscape remained the only source of information about the earlier culture (Bowman 1996: 234). The temple of Luxor and the Dakhla oasis are some other very important archeological sites, which present layers of stratigraphy covering periods of more than two thousand years (Grimal and Grimal, 4). When the Arabs conquered Egypt, they marveled in the temples and pyramids of Egypt but they also carried out destructive explorations of monuments to search for written texts on ancient Egypt (Brewer and Teeter, 1999, 4). Brewer and Teeter (1999:4) have also described the passion of Caliph Harun Al-Rashid, who