American Revolution and the declaration of independence play a vital role in the process of identity formation and one can find the subterranean interrelation between American literature and American identity. Technologies and electronic developments affect the reading habit and it also influences the literature in America.
American Renaissance is often considered as a hopeful movement that visualized America as the real descendant to the great western civilization. Renaissance which occurred in mid 19th century has paved the way for an overall change in American social as well as literary filed. During the periods of 1800 to 1870, most of the American masterpieces were produced. After a detailed analysis of the history of American literature one can see that after renaissance writers in America followed a new style or method of storytelling and versification. The expression of national spirit is another major characteristic of new American style. Current political and cultural sphere is filled with the evilness of terrorism and other types of crisis. One can feel that literature should illustrate or reflect the evilness and futility of terrorism and other regional polarizations.
The exponents of transcendentalism have focused in a new culture based on native rudiments or ‘Americans’. American ideal of individual consciousness and actions is the most significant feature of American style. Ralph Waldo Emerson, one of the striking figures in Renaissance literature has given more emphasis on the philosophy of self reliance which represents the need for the individual to check most of all types of social customs and to change ideas by the commonly accepted standards and values of the community. Self- reliance, individualistic power, enthusiastic feelings about the fascination of power, superior human intelligence and the philosophy of action are visible in American writings during Renaissance period. All