By 1996, one in ten flat roofs in German cities was greened while 70% of flat roofed inner city buildings in Swiss cities are reported to have roof gardens (Peck et al., 1999). In Asia, roof gardens are assiduously promoted in Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore. In Singapore, rooftop greening has gained the support of the government who will take the lead in implementing skydeck greenery in public housing estates and public buildings. The Tokyo government has passed a decree in April 2000 requiring all new buildings with a floor area of 1000m2 or larger to plant trees (namely, conifers and cedars) on rooftops (Environment Preservation Bureau Tokyo Metropolitan City, 1999).
Much has been said elsewhere about open space contributions to urban quality of life. Research across different disciplines has shown that greenery directly benefits the urban environment and Researchers have drawn attention to the human benefits. In particular, the work of Ulrich (1984) is widely cited as illustrating the restorative health benefits that window view greenery can have on patient recovery. In Knopf’s (1987) analysis, there are four broad dimensions on how greenery affects urban living: nature as restorer, as competence builder, as symbol and as diversion. What is of interest to us, however, is the familiar argument which states that trees and vegetation may improve urban climate by reducing carbon dioxide and cooling the heat island (Dwyer et al., 1992). Green roofs constitute an area where photosynthesis would occur signifying that it consumes carbon. Hence, in large numbers, green roofs have the capacity to reduce carbon-based air pollutants and consequently help in carbon management.
While research on carbon management of urban parks exists, much less attention is being paid to the small-scale green areas that are close to where people live and work. This paper takes a closer look at one such area, the
With international focus on sustainable development, interest in the role of open space in the urban environment has increased in recent decades (Gehl and Gemzoe, 2001; Hollis and Fulton, 2002). Policies for creating and preserving open space are increasingly implemented at a…
During the time starting from 1973 to 1979, the numbers increased as a result of major spikes in the oil prices. In the next years, the industry has experienced a slow due to different reasons. This project is an effort to make a business plan for an Australian solar water heater manufacturer XYZ.
With that philosophy on mind, the Montgomery VA Medical Center aims to achieve the lowest rate possible in patient fall. In 2010, the hospital’s patient fall rate was 3.19% while in nursing home was 5.33%. Taking into consideration the promise of giving excellent service to the customers, Montgomery VA Medical Center considers such rates too high and plans to reduce it to 2.8% or less.
The opinions and arguments are not exhaustive but the fact remains that cultural competence remains a debated issue in the public education sector. The public schools of the U.S. cater for people of many cultural backgrounds and ought to embrace cultural diversity.
Antioxidants not only improve immune power of the body but also help remove free-radicals (toxins) that are considered in the root to cause and develop most of the cancer causing diseases. The new business will mainly use amla (Indian gooseberry) and mangosteen (a tropical fruit from countries such as Indonesia, Malayasia) as fruits supplemented with ginger, elder and turmeric.
Why We Garden. When we think of a garden, many ideas crop in our minds because we frequently interact with gardens in our lives. Indeed, a garden and gardening is a hobby or personal activity that involves people of all ages yet we do not give utmost concern towards understanding their meaning or their influence in our lives.
However in terms of frontier arrivals France welcomed 77 million arrivals in 2006 while UK received 30.5 million international visitors. (marketandresearch.com)
The City of London has the historic significance, the diversity and the cosmopolitan ambience to attract diverse visitors from round the world.
Teachers ought to develop the quality and depth of their students’ experiences while modifying the speed to meet personal needs (Lockman, 2007). This paper will talk about the Exceptional Education Program k-12 in Orlando Florida, Orange County Public Schools.
Some of the
According to the author, the levying of carbon tax is considered to be necessary, because it would help to price the fuels equitably and would solve the problem of the excessive combustion of fuels that produce carbon emissions. The imposition of carbon tax is expected to solve the problems related to the use of energy resources.