Several designs were made to increase efficiency and power of an aircraft. It gradually has transformed in to a major economic activity from a mere pleasure ride that it was when it was initially invented. This essay would explore the entire transition of aircraft, from the time it was invented to the modifications it went through and the existing challenges it is facing as a result of globalization and other political and socio economic factors.
History and Innovation: It has been quite some time since man flew for the very first time (in the year 1903). What an eventful journey it has been! Man had always wanted to fly and he made numerous attempts to achieve this objective. Alas! All his attempts went into vain, until one day when two brothers had actually built a prototype that could actually fly.
The Wright brothers (Oliver Wright and Wilbur Right) observed the flight pattern of birds and they concluded that the air flowing over the surface of the wings created lift (Bernoulli’s Principle), and this helped the birds to fly. Now, if birds could fly, so could a structure that quite resembled a bird. This is how the initial work started. However, the only problem that posed a hindrance was “controlling the structure”. There were problems pertaining to imparting direction (left and right) and (up and down) to the aircraft. There were quite a few people who tried designing a solution to this particular problem. But the Wright brothers came up with an idea that was known as ‘Wing-Warping’. (Claxton, 2007: Pg. 97-100)
The design was based on the theory that if one wanted to navigate the aircraft towards the left; the wings had to be ‘warped’ or twisted to create a slightly greater lift on the right wing. Similarly, when one had to turn right, the left wings could be ‘warped’. The brothers managed to devise something that is called the ‘3 axis control’. The concept of ‘3 axis control’ is still being used in the modern day