Many would not dispute it if they were told that the Christian philosophy of Augustine of Hippo was for the most part a redraft of Plato which is done in a Christian context. Saint Augustine was of the opinion that everyone on earth is not of his or her city, he said that we are…
As a result of the fact that Augustine’s focus is Christianity, one would always find in his philosophy some biblical allusions. For instance, he recognizes the truth that all has sinned and have fallen short of the glory of God. He also acknowledges the fact that due to the Adamic nature of humans, they are all liable to sin. Despite the verity that all are eternally prone to sin, some have been marked out for salvation by God himself. From the foregoing, it is then very apparent that there are two cities: the City of God and the City of Man. According to him, the City of God is made up of a very few number of people who turned back from the service of self to the service of God while the City of Man is composed of many people who did not depart from the ways that profit only self and who refuse to turn back to God (Augustine). In this world, it is very difficult (if not impossible) to mark out which city different people may be. However, the general notion is that the church has a close affiliation with the City of God. What is sure is that as human history changes, so will the two cities draw closer. A time will come when the resurrected bodies of member of both cities will come together. This is when each one would be rewarded according to their deeds while on earth. For those that live in the city of God, there shall be enjoyment forever more. For those that live in the city of man, there shall be eternal damnation—they shall burn without getting burnt ad infinitum.
It is important that one does not forget that religion held a major position during the medieval period. So, in everything the people of the period engaged in, there was the seal of the conservative period. One should remember that during this period, the papacy held the reins of power—political, economic, and social. During the period, it is not uncommon for one to discover that writer and thinkers alike thought along the lines that would please the authority and the laws they ...
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Though “Neo-Platonism was the last breath, the last flower, of ancient pagan philosophy”, in St. Augustine’s perspective, it served as the initial stage of Christian philosophy for despite the apparent recognition of Judaism in establishing the foundations of Christianity as a religion, Christians have philosophized by way of utilizing metaphysical terms and concepts (Copleston, 1993).
This historically complex relationship has been responsible for notable fissures in the development of Christianity. In turn, thinkers conceive this relationship in various ways. This props on the premise that Christianity shares a given political philosophy that corresponds to its nature and teachings.
Augustine. I have chosen St. Augustine for the fact that considering his diverse religious maternity, he still had a very clear vision of what he had to in his life and the way he put his talents of rhetoric to full use has been a phenomenal inspiration for not only me but generations to come.
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Plato made it clear that he dislike democratic system of government of Greece. In his book, “the Republic” Plato states that oligarchy and timocracy are favorable to democracy and that anarchy or totalitarianism is a less preferable
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