A collective multilateral organization encompassing much of continental Europe and the surrounding region, the European Union (also known as the EU) was established in the aftermath of the incredibly tumultuous Second World War. Importantly, the European Union is a political…
e significant changes in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1992 and this momentous event has had numerous ramifications for this multilateral organization. How should the EU expand? Should it continue to move eastward towards the former Yugoslavia or even expand towards Istanbul? Can a majority-Muslim country, i.e. Turkey, actually be European? Seeking to address these questions and many more with respect to European growth in the twenty-first century, the following will provide a comprehensive overview of a fascinating phenomenon. After the fall of communism and state-sponsored socialism at the end of the twenty-first century, the European Union has had to face many challenges dealing with integration and potential enlargement. This essay will explore the demand for eastern growth within the EU and look at the consequences, both intended and unintended of enlargement. The focus will be on Turkey and the ramifications of this controversial expansion. Following this, this essay will conclude with broad prescriptions for the future growth of what remains the most powerful multilateral political organization on the planet (Warleigh 2004).
The European Union is a multilateral political body composed of a variety of different states, found throughout continental Europe and within the European region. While the composition of each member state differs from a social, political or economic perspective, the members of the EU share a common bond and common values such as pluralism, democracy and the belief is collective negotiation to achieve regional aims. Accordingly, multilateralism is an important feature of the modern EU, and numerous different interests – national as well as regional – are represented within an overarching transnational political framework. Significantly, the EU’s multilateral political framework insures that all member states subscribe to commonly-held principles such as democracy and at its base, capitalist economic ...
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Thus, during the last eight years, the European Union has expanded from 15 to 27 states. Given that the process of expansion is properly implemented, it promotes the transformation of many European countries into democratic and prosperous states. However, many people still consider the process of EU further enlargement to be harmful for European welfare.
In this regard, the discussion of this policy paper will be focused on critically analysing the policy position and its rationale towards the fiercely competitive economic performance of both EU and China. Finally, the policy paper will emphasise upon relevant recommendations which can mitigate the potential threats of Chinese economic emergence for the EU.
This is different from the concept of indirect effect which refers to the reliance on EU sources of law in the interpretation of national laws.2 Direct effect is also different from direct applicability as the latter refers to sources of international law that are directly applicable without the necessity of implementation into national law.3 Horizontal direct effect, or the “incidental effect” occurs when EU law has direct effect between private parties within the EU.4 The direct effect of EU primary law such as non-discrimination within the original treaty will have direct effect between private parties.5 Direct effect is referred to as the principle of effete utile and is designed to
United Kingdom is European states, other than this, the economies in European States are closely interlinked thus the legal matters arising are heavily intertwined and largely interlinked. Further, the legal issues involving these states are largely influenced by the EU Treaties and the Conventional Human Rights of Europe1.
There is quite an elongated roll of high historical characters, which, in pretty diverse ways, trailed an idea of integrated Europe. These personalities are Charlemagne, Napolen, Charles V, and Metternich. Incidentally, even the infamous and notorious personages as Adolf Hitler, did intend to deliver a wicked thought of one Europe.
Chabot stated that this revolution involves the solidification of a European market of goods and services, major structural changes in countries plagued by fiscal negligence, and the reorganization of monetary policy in some of the world’s most advanced industrialized economies. The “European Single Market” is “the world’s largest domestic market”.
he Common Agricultural Policy, Competition Policy, Science and Technology Policy, Regional Policy and Social Policy and their resultant outcomes are described briefly in the following sections.
The CAP of the European Union has undergone several significant reforms since the
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The spread of capitalist inspired consumerism and the forces of economic globalisation have paved the way for the introduction of the Euro, the continent-wide currency of the European Union (EU), as well as the global economic interdependence of much of the Western world.
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