This relation is directly affected by the laws and regulations enacted by the State Government, and hence rely upon the ideological approach of the political party in power (Storey, 1983).
The fairly recent history of British political scenario has been the time span of conservative regime from 1979 to 1997, which focused on the collective bargaining approach to determine regulations, rather than resorting to legal regulations by the parliament, for the party’s ideology supported the stance that collective bargaining was the most effective method to initiate healthy industrial relations. Hence the UK population witnessed employment regulations implemented by the Conservatives in the form of promotion of anti-unionism, and abolishing the compulsory union membership system, it focused on restricting trade union actions such as strikes and the penalties for illegal actions saw a major hike; they removed minimum wage laws and the security provision to the workforce, and thus weakened the labor laws significantly. They narrowed protection for the employees, and on the contrary increased the management prerogative by restricting the labor from taking actions lawfully (Dickens, 2008, 4-5). This could also be viewed in the light of political debate over authority, and since there is no way to reconcile the demands of the two major opposing centers, the Capitalists in the form of managerial office bearers and the Socialists in guise of the workers, thus there is deadlock and the need for intervention by a third party, which in such a scenario is the Government. Therefore, the practical workability of the arbitrative plan would result in the collaboration between the power elites, i.e. the state and the businesses, to suppress the labor force to fulfill their corporate aims (Ecumenical, 2010).
In May 1997, the United Kingdom underwent a major political change, with the election of the Labor Government, the policies also