e Organizations (JCAHO): It is a private non-profit organization established in 1951 with specific focus on initiating accreditation process of hospitals and healthcare services. It approved specific risk management standard in 1989. The standards ensured both service quality and patient care. In addition to the approval of standards, American Society for Healthcare Risk Management (ASHRM) was established and later collaborated with JCAHO’s sentinel event policy and on patient safety standards (Jcaho, 2004, p.3).
3. Medicare & Medicaid Act (1965): This act ensured the protection of public rights on the accessibility of quality healthcare. It extended health coverage to all citizens above 65; and ensured healthcare services to disabled individuals, blinds, and low-income class children.
4. Hill-Burton Act (1948): in fact, this was the commencement of regulations on healthcare that insisted the idea of community service obligation (Taylor R J & Taylor S B, 1994, p.542). It was followed by a number of regulations on risk management and quality improvement in healthcare services in the United States.
5. Medical Device Amendments (1976): the amendments insisted the avoidance of medical errors. It also ensured the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics by giving authority to the US food and Drug Administration (FDA). It clearly defines the standards of food coloring and drug additives to ensure the protection of patients from deliberate medical malpractices (Dyro, 2004, p. 235).
6. Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act (1996): since the enactment of this law the organizational documentation was enhanced or made mandatory in healthcare organizations (Marcinko, 2005, p.90). It also led to the widespread use of electronic devices for the healthcare transactions. In addition, the law insisted the insurance protection to workers and their families.
7. Federal Medicaid Regulations (2003): the 2003 regulations were the further improvements on the existing