Based on his past transgression, King Laius of Thebes, the father of Oedipus, and his descendants were doomed to tragedy as predicted by Apollo’s Oracle. Thus, the tragic hero Oedipus’ fate was sealed even before his birth (Dilman 21). Laius was destined to perish at the hands of his own son, Oedipus. The king attempts to eliminate the infant son by ordering his wife Queen Jocasta to get him killed. However, his will to divert his destiny is interceded by fate through a kindly shepherd who rescues the abandoned baby. Ultimately, Oedipus is raised by the childless king of Corynth, Polybus and his queen Merope (Sophocles 36). The greater the attempts to intervene with fate, they serve only to strengthen the victory of the prophecy.
Later Oedipus as a grown man comes to know from Apollo’s Delphic Oracle, that he would be the murderer of his father and would mate with his own mother. In an attempt to prevent this prediction from coming true on Polybus and Merope whom he believes to be his true parents, Oedipus leaves Corinth. It is clear that Oedipus pits his strength against the fate predicted for him by Apollo (Dilman 22). However, by leaving his foster home in Corynth to protect his parents from himself, unaware that Polybus and Merope were not his true parents, he makes the prophecy come true. Thus, while travelling to Thebes, he meets his true father Laius, while both are unaware of each others’ identities. The haughty father and the arrogant and impetuous son (Dilman 23) quarrel over whose chariot has the right of way, and Oedipus kills his father. Thus, fate works through the participants’ characters, and one part of the Oracle’s prophecy comes true. He frees the kingdom of Thebes from a sphinx’s curse (Sophocles 10), is rewarded with the kingdom and married to the dowager Queen Jocasta, his biological mother, while each is unaware of the other’s identity, consequently fulfilling the entire prophecy.
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(Free Will Vs Determinism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Free Will Vs Determinism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/400717-free-will-vs-determinism.
In my opinion, the aforementioned book, which was written in 1998 became an excellent predictor of the forthcoming 21st century society which at the time could only be imagined. The reality that we now face though, the fact that some of her fictional ideas have actually seen reality or relevance in our current century and world proves that sci-fi writers have an uncanny, Nostradamus like ability within themselves.
Determinism refers to the philosophical theory which states that all man’s capability of conscious choice, decision, and intention is invariably determined by circumstances that circumstances that existed before (Maher). This theory is in opposition of the philosophical system of free will or discretion.
Non-living matters, for example stones and chairs, blindly go towards whatever forces that influences it. In contrast, the non-human organisms act for their continued existence all alone but human beings seem to be an exception to nature's law by their distinctive ability to think about how to go about their life and which standards to live by.
On the contrary, the classical school of criminology, the most prominent member of which is Caesar Beccaria shared the idea that criminal behavior could be understood and controlled as 'an outcome of a 'human nature' shared by all the people. [Beccaria, 1764]
Soft determinism philosophers' view is that free will and moral responsibility can be combined with determinism. Libertarianists suppose that that all our actions, decisions and their results depend on us, they are result of rational agency, but not of chance or luck.
In religion, many people believe in the existence οf a god supports determinism. The basis οf god is that he is all-knowing and all-powerful. If free will is allowed, there would be decisions and actions in which God could not know due to the persons choice. This
Philosophy is divided over whether events are determined and whether freedom can coexist with it. This paper analyzes the concept of free will by analyzing the arguments of determinism and libertarianism on free will.
Determinism believes in a broad definition
The present study aims to answer the question of what are the implications on the free will/determinism debate? It may seem like an obscure point, but if you look at the definition οf determinism, it says that all things are caused, and if there is one single uncaused event, then determinism must be false.
Though both these terms are considered to be the contradictory to each other, yet both of them are interdependent, and explanation of one elucidates the meanings, nature and scope of the other. Free will aims to state that humans have been blessed with