; the lengthened period of adolescence, which mandated custodial care of the young for a longer time; and the drive for social equality, which supposedly would be enhanced if more people had access to higher education.”(Cohen, 2008, p.1)Since their inception, community colleges have fit in to the American educational system well, and they have perceptible effects on the community with the services they provide.
Cohen writes, “New technologies demanded skilled operators, and training them could be done by schools.”(Cohen, 2008, p.1)One change led to the other setting forth a chain reaction for the better. New areas of service are added. The authors further states people with different goals demand varied programs; the additional programs demand the attention of different categories of then populace (Cohen,2008,p.2) Change in the pattern of student demography is seen; with the rapid expansion, funding is a major issue. The technological advancement affects the instructional technology. Relationship with the community attains new dimensions. The occupational education scores precedence as it is more favorably disposed to employment opportunities. The need for constant evaluation of the future perspective becomes part of the college administration and the management as they have to move with the demand of the times.
Historically speaking, the authors write, “Public supported universities, given impetus by the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890, had been established at every state.”(Cohen, 2008, p.2)Since education is closely linked to economic, social and cultural life of the community, changes in one or more areas affects the system of education in the community colleges. Students spend formative years of their life in the Community Colleges and their association here, what they learn here, has profound impact on their future life. “At the second annual meeting of the American Association of Junior Colleges, in 1922, a junior college was defined as “an