“Culture is the name for what people are interested in, their thoughts, their models, the books they read and the speeches they hear, their table-talk, gossip, controversies, historical sense and scientific training, the values they appreciate, the quality of life they admire…
According to Gesteland (2006), the business cultures are divided into Deal-Focus (DF) and Relationship-Focus (RF) two parts all over the world. To conduct business, this Great Divide affects from the beginning to the end of all commercial relationship. There is a large proportion of relationship-oriented in the world’s market where people prefer to avoid doing business with strangers. In other words, they deal with people who are well known to them. So the proper third-party introduction is more helpful than telemarketing in these countries. According to Gesteland (2006, pp.30), “building trust and rapport with your customer is important everywhere in the world.” The business men have to spend more time to build trust and develop a personal relationship in RF than in DF cultures country. DF business people are more comfortable discussing important issues in writing or over the phone than RF business people. Therefore, in the DF cultures businesses rely more on lawyers and detailed contracts than on personal relationships. The communication in RF and DF business cultures is also very different. In order to avoid embarrassing or offending other people, the Relationship-oriented negotiators tend to use indirect and roundabout style language. In contrast, Deal-oriented negotiators always say what they mean. The following figure explains that different cultural values result in differing business as well as consumer behaviours.
The barriers in the forms of gender, status and youth are more or less affect the marketing strategies execute. How to overcome the barrier is still the Deal-oriented negotiators’ big question. In business, time is money. “The seller has to show respect to the buyer. Being on time is one way of showing respect, even in a polychromic culture” (Gesteland, 2006, pp.61). Very interestingly, in some countries, punctuality is not very important, so being patient is the key point. The international companies operate to ...
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for choosing the advertisements for the focus group 42 Justification of the method for survey collection 43 Secondary research 44 Co-branding Promotion in Germany and New Zealand 44 Western Celebrities in Japanese Advertisements 45 Western Style Advertising in Islamic Countries 46 Heineken Beer Case Study 47 49 Johnson & Johnson 49 Unilever’s Fish Fingers 50 Analysis of case studies 51 Data analysis 52 Conclusion 52 Recommendations 54 References 63 An Investigation into Cross-Culture Marketing: The Difference between the Asian and Western Countries Introduction Background The world has become a global village which roughly implies that world trade and financial markets are becoming more int
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Culture is the name for what people are interested in, their
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