Drastic changes at this point will never be realized which in turn necessitates that these should be gradual. Reforms in democratization range from short-medium term. The danger mostly lies in what could be trapped ‘liberalized autocracy’ or continued expansion as can be seen in Kuwait. What is apparent is that there are varying degrees of reform according to the different states’ and their acceptance of these changes.
The extent of political families ruling the polities becomes the major concern for GCC democratization. The classification between traditional and modern approaches in political participation needs to show some compromise as a combination of certain elements becomes the best way to enforce it. Political participation has drastically changed as it became dependent upon the oil sales of the country as a ‘rentier state.’ The own initiatives of a number of Emir’s such as enacting constitutions, creating parliament, women suffrage, liberalizing oppositions among other shows the massive progress of its member states. Furthermore, Nonneman listed four key factors relevant to the GCC states’ liberalization such as socioeconomic development, state and regime types, cultural factors and political culture and other external factors. All these identify and expound the ongoing political reforms on the countries and its inherent rationalization. The power still lies on the ruling families and their decision to adapt changes as more than just top-down liberalization.
The immense participation of GCC countries on the total oil production for 2005 was recorded at 22% while they possess 40% of global oil reserves. The world proclivity to using fossil fuel makes for the wealth of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and U.A.E. who are all members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). This also makes the Gulf region to its vulnerabilities due to its