Zhang (2003) described acupuncture as puncture using a needle. Acupuncture is often used with moxibustion - burning of selected herbs on the skin - and application of stimulation to certain points.
People have benefitted from complementary treatments including acupuncture in conjunction with their medical care. More and more people are using some form of complementary medicine. However, the effectiveness of acupuncture is viewed with scepticism in the West, where the foundation of health care is Western medicine. Questions regarding the true healing effect, placebo effect, enthusiasm of patients wishing for a cure, or the power of suggestion have continued to plague the approach. As the majority of insurance plans do not cover acupuncture therapy, paying for such treatments is a hardship for patients. According to experts, acupuncture therapy should be examined under controlled conditions, enabling determination of its effectiveness.
Noertjojo and Martin (2003) found evidence from various studies (see table A-1 in Appendix A). The effectiveness for the treatment of temporary mandibular and dental pain and treatment of post-operative nausea and vomiting is strong. The evidence for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders is not present. It has been established that acupuncture is relatively safe under competent practitioners. Noertjojo and Martin (2003) concluded that the benefits may not be experienced by all.
Zhang (2003) argued that controlled clinical studies have established the effectiveness of acupuncture analgesia. Acupuncture analgesia is more effective than placebo comparable to morphine. Relief to pain in the eye caused by injection to subconjunctiva, post extubation pain locally (in kids), and thromboangiitis obliterans pain are effective. It is widely held that the use of acupuncture for treatment of chronic head pain or face could be significant. Acupuncture can alleviate pain and reduce muscle spasm,