This paper also addresses how these physical interactions of the ocean and atmosphere affects climate variability, that is, environmentally and socially.
The Environmental Protection Agency (2010) states that the Sea level along most of the United States coast as well as other parts of the world is rapidly rising. In the last century, the sea level rise is estimated at 5 to 6 inches, which is higher than the world average in the Mid-Atlantic and Gulf Coasts because the lands along the coast are retreating. The EPA, in conjunction with the United States Geological Survey and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, authored a finding entitled "Coastal Sensitivity to Sea Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region." This study is among a series of 21 climate change studies that the United States Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) is conducting. The report "Coastal Sensitivity to Sea-Level Rise: A Focus on the Mid-Atlantic Region" focuses on the predicted consequences of a rise in sea level and how world governments together with various communities can combat the rising waters.
Because of high temperatures, the sea level is expected to rise since the temperatures expand ocean water, lead to the melting of mountain glaciers and little ice caps and lead to melting of some parts of Greenland and the Antarctic region ice sheets. According to The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the global average sea level is expected to rise between 0.6 and 2 feet, which is from 0.18 to 0.59 meters in the coming century (IPCC, p151, 2007).
The expected range of sea level rise shows that scientists are not very sure about global temperature predictions they have made as well as how fast ice sheets will melt or move into the ocean due to the oceans’ warmer temperatures. In addition, scientists explain that some processes that