These are the fundamentals questions of this study. In addressing the research questions, we will use the method of case study. The study will focus on the Islamic Republic of Iran because it is currently the most vocal Islamic Republic against the western world. In doing the study, we shall be using the most recent works of authors considered authoritative on the subject. In this study, we shall use peer-reviewed journal articles. We expect that the use of academic journals provide adequate quality control for our sources of insights and data. However, we also use the work of Sial (2006) because even if Sial (2006) is not a journal article, the work can be considered as authoritative because it is a study of the Iranian legal or political system from the point of view of an outstanding lawyer and can be considered as “authoritative”. In this study, the key conclusion we make is that in Islamic Republics, religion plays a very important role in politics.
Alamdari (2005, p. 1285) described the earlier political system in Iran as a “religious populist regime, a tyranny of the majority under the charismatic leadership” of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Had Iran’s war with Iraq (1981-1988) did not take place, Alamdari argued that Islamic populism could have ended more quickly after the 1979 Islamic Iranian revolution (Alamdari, 2005, p. 1286). The constitution adopted right after the 1979 Islamic revolution known as the Qanun-e Asasi established the Islamic Republic of Iran (Sial, 2006). The principle of velayat-e faqih (guardianship of the jurist) performs a key role in the government structure of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Sial, 2006). According to Sial (2006), a national referendum in December 1979 approved the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The 1979 national referendum asked Iranians at least 16 years old whether they want to abolish the monarchy and replace the monarchy with an Islamic Republic (Sial, 2006).
The 1979 ...
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(“Religion And Politics Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Religion And Politics Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Religion And Politics Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/402356-religion-and-politics.
Religion and Politics undeniably are two of the most significant factors that shape a nation’s social, cultural and political life. In the United States of America, Congress never passed a law implementing the separation of the church and the state and as the First Amendment states, “Congress shall make no law, respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” There is nothing clear up to the present time regarding the separation of church and state.
Almost 10 years ago, Americans woke to the horrors of two crashing pillars that symbolized free markets and fair capitalism. The attacks by terrorist on September 11th were an attempt to deconstruct the foundations upon which this country was constructed. The intelligence agencies discovered that the attacks were committed by Islamic extremist who declared jihad against all Americans.
Recently, there has been a rise in the anti-Islamic sentiment across The United States. In August last year, a fierce debate initiated within the GOP, soon became a national political issue – whether an Islamic community center should be built near Ground Zero.
Religion defined the rank of political leaders in the early 1980’s. This is why in the last quarter of the 20th century religious right emerged to protect freedom of worship. When people became aware of the fact that they had religious rights, many things were compromised, as for instance, some politicians used religion for cover up politically, because when one was down to what the politician believed in, it was clear there was no religion attached to the politician’s belief.
Near the middle of the 19th century, the renowned economist, philosopher, and otherwise multidisciplinary theorist Karl Marx delivered one of the most scintillating suggestions in the history of discourse; that religion is consumed by the common masses in much the same way that opium is used among drug addicts.
In addition some religions allow the religious leader to be the head the government such as in the case of the Vatican in Rome. Since the formation of the papal Roman rule, this integrated Christianity and country leadership into one. However, the success of the integration of religion and politics has been limited (Whalon).
Religion and politics go hand in hand ever since the beginning of time because it is one of the key things that ties population together and constitutes culture of a region. Fox and Sandler (2010, p.1) have argued that the pertinence of religion in international politics have been triggered by the terrorist attack on the Twin Tower, as it was the first time the Western world had witnessed conflicts that were motivated by religion.
For many years, the United States of America has experienced conflicts in the tradition of the separation of church matters from the state as well as in the inclination to mix the two. Theologians and philosophers in politics have therefore, believed that the separation of the two has provided an unusual strength in a constitutional system in the United States.
This comparison influenced a host of discussion, contemplation, and research among minds throughout the academic and professional worlds. Religion has had an irrefutable impact on the development of virtually all aspects of human development.