Starting with a general definition of manufacturing process, manufacturing processes are a collection of methods that converts “naturally occurring raw materials into desired end-products” (Harrington, 1984). In other words, raw materials are collected and by means of a chain of production activities, are converted into end-products. A rather precise definition is given by Halevi (1999): “the manufacturing process is a chain of activities directed toward meeting a set of objectives defined by management.” The objectives include development and production of products, production of customer-designed products, and reproduction of products manufactured in the past. Although manufacturing environments differ due to the differences in industry types, the fundamental principles of manufacturing processes remain similar and common to all industry types.
Classification of manufacturing processes primarily includes two broad categories: shaping and non-shaping processes, or rather specifically, primary shaping and secondary shaping processes. Primary shaping processes are also known as basic manufacturing processes, which are the oldest manufacturing processes and still the most used processes. These manufacturing processes are used to produce or manufacture a product directly to its usable form without any machining. So these processes are relatively cheaper. Examples of products made by using primary shaping processes include cast-iron articles, hot-rolled metal products such as channels, rods, bar stocks, etc. Secondary shaping processes are usually carried out for further refinement of products manufactured from the primary shaping processes. Some of the examples of products made by using secondary shaping processes are the hot-rolled products that are required to undergo further refinement in shape and size.
This paper will focus particularly on the casting processes. Casting, also known as metal casting, is one of the ...
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s? 10 College Problems: Information Flows 11 Table 1: Focusing Purchasing Strategy 11 Quality Management 12 Conclusion 13 Recommendations 13 References 15 Introduction This report outlines a problem encountered within a further education college relating to the provision of tuition for students.
From providing an insight into the quantity of the inventories being stocked up to regulating the financial investment in the production and storage process, inventory control gives the business a high turnover rate (Periasamy, 2009). It offers several advantages which translate into better finances.
Sustainability is a process rather than an event meaning that it does not take place overnight. In a recent study, it was discovered that container terminal operators who want to attain sustainability first have to cross the road of productivity (Amoyaw, 1999).
In such context, Johnston and Jones (2004) argued that operational productivity and customer satisfaction can be classified as important performance indicators for hotels irrespective of their size and revenue. In such context, Martin and Horne (2001) and Gronroos and Ojasalo (2004) defined operational productivity as the trade-off between output and input of resources.
Despite numerous challenges in logistic and operations management, the company has successfully implemented measures to deal with the challenges. However, for the success of an operation, British airways have considered several aspects of management including staffing and crew personnel to increasing the customer’s satisfaction.
e products and services.” (McNamara, 2010) Therefore, operations and logistics management is always related to the long term strategy of an organization. It is an all encompassing term that consists of managing purchases, inventory flow and control, storage, transportation,
Additionally, there are some other activities that are related to operations management such as managing purchases, quality control, logistics, storage, inventory control and evaluation processes (Slack, 2012, p.23). In the
Therefore, the main operational concepts that will be discussed relevant to the case study include:
It will also include the above mentioned concepts to be applied on Al-Jouf International School after their concepts overview. The case study will further suggest possible
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