Issue of “copyrighted” material is on the agenda both for providers and users, as percentage of infringements in this sphere steadily grows. Discovering plagiarism in education, one should pay attention to sphere of copyright application. “Works covered by copyright include books, magazines, musical scores, motion pictures and computer software programs.” (Millonzi & Passannante 39 - 43) Writing term papers, dissertations, composing or technical projects, students require a large variety of information that must be properly cited. U.S. Copyright Office, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), WIPO and other organizations regulate these legal matters and develop preventive measures against plagiarism of the copyrighted material.
iParadigms, LLC created an online software Turnitin for detection of plagiarism in written paper of students and authors. On the international market this intellectual rights protection service is intended for schools, colleges and universities. The software assesses similarity of the works, using electronic libraries, published articles, web-sites etc. Nevertheless, Matthew Dames doubts high efficiency of the product and rejects using it in his practice, because even minimum similarities are unavoidable. “A student cannot have a genuine original thought that is independent of another’s writings. As a result, the service skews overwhelmingly toward the benefit of authors whose work and reputation already have been established.” (Dames 23 - 25) This argument is logically grounded, as search results of Turnitin are based on maximum coincidence of words and word combinations.
To deal with the arisen problem in the United States, Copyright Office and Department of Education should improve assessment criteria of the written works. Firstly, tutors should provide students exceptionally with theoretic background. There