This program is set out to direct improvements about specific regulatory policies on accident prevention, accident mitigation and aviation monitoring and modeling to make, as Rugg (2010) has emphasized, “an already safe air transportation system even safer.” Other agencies such as the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) are a program initiated by the government for the same purpose as well.
In connection, this paper will focus on the aspect of accident prevention and its importance to the implementation of the aviation safety program created by the agencies mentioned above; and to employ certain development in which consideration of the past, present and future changes is needed. To do so, a portion will be spared for the review of the history of aviation travels, and the accidents connected to it, and also point out the desired aviation safety policies needed to assist in reaching the visions as stated.
One of the earliest concepts of air travelling was designed by the Montgolfier brothers in the late 18th century as they saw the possibility of navigating the air (Turner, 1931, p. 170). A few experimentation and months later, a huge balloon was flown using hot air. The balloon, called the Montgolfier balloon, later had carried a maximum of seven passengers into the sky; and gathered both positive and negative feedback from the public (“World Aviation in 1783,” n.d.). After more than two decades, Sir George Cayley, known as the “Father of Aerial Navigation,” discussed the basic yet very significant principles used in flying things in an article titled “On Aerial Navigation” (Berliner, 1997, pp. 54-55); and also started to use his own ideas in the experimentations about flying he did in the years later.
By the early 20th century, according to Andrews (2009), aviation travel experimenters