“Promotion efforts that target weight loss and/or body shape might be detrimental to exercise participation and mental health among women.” (Silberstein et al., 1988; Ryan et al., 1997 cited in Segar et al, 2006, p. 184 – 185).
There is a severe need and rationale for conducting a study that addresses this issue because maintaining a smart physique has always been one of the biggest concerns of women but many of them fail to achieve that because they fail to realize that their consciousness is fundamentally causing and aggravating the situation. It is a harsh reality that the society expects women to be smart and beautiful, and when they fail to meet the standards laid out for them by the society, they are caught into a state of depression and anxiety. “Women experience cultural pressure to be thin and attractive, and they report high body dissatisfaction throughout their lives (Tiggemann, 2004 cited in Segar, et al, 2006, p. 181).
19 undergraduate students selected from the University of California San Diego, which consisted of 19 females in total. The criterion for selection into this study was based entirely from the enrollment roster of a Human Development course. Coincidently there were no male participants due to none being enrolled in the course. The age range of the undergraduate females ranged from 17 to 38 years old. The average age was 23. The participants were provided with participation waivers and were also compensated with course credit for participating in the experiment.
A questionnaire was distributed to the participants to ascertain their beliefs on physical activity in relation to body shape. This questionnaire was a combination of the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTQ) and the Reasons for Exercise Inventory (REI). Both of the questionnaires are commonly used to calculate fitness levels and determine beliefs about