The paper will throw light over the use of Genetic Tests by employers and business organizations to predict the likelihood of genes that could lead to reinforcement of certain diseases (curable or incurable) among recruited employees and potential job candidates. The writer will…
Indeed, employers are also inclined to conduct these tests, either clandestinely or overtly, of their employees to ensure they could be able to match workplace environment or would develop diseases amid genetic abnormalities. Indeed, employers regard such individuals that could develop diseases from workplace hazardous substances as ‘hypersensitive’ and usually are reluctant to induct them in organizational hierarchy to save future health care and social costs, avoid absenteeism, litigation and productivity losses. It is worthwhile to mention that workers having ‘thalassemia gene, sickle cell’ and other genetic disorders are among sensitive individuals who could develop diseases if they work in environment that contain chemicals such as ‘lead, benzene, carbon monoxide particles, cyanide’ etc (Andre & Velasquez, 1991) and (Miller, 2007).
Indeed, the proponents of Genetic Testing have raised many arguments for this strategy because employers may inform workers why business workplace may be deleterious for their health, which may lead to disabilities in the long-run. Hence, in this way, the workers could make rational decisions for personal health security and shun dangerous workplaces whenever they apply for job as well as could avoid untimely deaths because of chronic illnesses. Second, the tests enable employees to hire healthy and dynamic workers thereby increasing internal efficiency, lowering absenteeism and minimizing recruitment costs from reduction in employee turnover rates per annum. Third, the financial burden on government reduces because of low allocation for health budgets and fewer social security disbursements. Fourth, it has been considered the responsibility of an employer to offer safe and secure working environment to its employees. However, it may not be possible for business owners to offer 100% secure environment ...
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(Genetic Testing Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Genetic Testing Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/405085-genetic-testing.
The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a global 13-year venture that officially started in October 1990 and finalized in April 2003. It aimed to uncover all the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 human genes and make them available for advanced biological study (“History of the Human,” 2008).
It accounts for 3% of all pediatric malignancies occurring in developed countries (Ozdemir, Nurdan and Kaan, 2007). Retinoblastoma can be classified as unilateral or bilateral, familial or sporadic, heritable or non-heritable and these three classifications are interrelated (Hariri, Ata-ur-Rasheed, Mahesh, Jacob, Debashish, and Govindasamy, 2001; Shields, 2004).
The author of the paper focuses on the issue of the personalized medicine which provides treatment of complex diseases, which include diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Besides, as the author puts it, personalized medicine aims at satisfying individuals’ treatment needs, as well as aiding in the design process of an individual treatment.
The technology used to ascertain genetic fingerprints varies, but predominantly relies on polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which is explored in some depth here. Although there are problems with genetic fingerprinting, this paper finds that the usage of the technology in these situations is incredible useful and one of the more reliable forensic techniques.
All these led to the development and automatization of DNA sequencing leading to generation of physical and genetic maps by the well discussed Human Genome Project (HGP). This led to accumulation of a wealth of knowledge about the genetics per se and its possible variations, and it took no time to find the links between complex diseases and practice of medicine, although its is still challenging to integrate genetics into the everyday practice of clinical medicine.
This feat, called the Human Genome Project, also creates a promise of important medical advances in the future. Today, individuals can take a genetic test to determine whether they are at a higher risk for a disease, such as breast cancer and colon cancer
The problems related to DNA-based tests include, not only that they are technically difficult, but also that they present a wide array of ethical dilemmas – in relation to their indications and their implications for the child being tested and their family. One of these ethics-related issues is the question of whether it is ethically right to test children genetically.
By studying twins, behavioural genetics researchers have attempted to unravel genetic and environmental factors human characteristics such as intelligence, sexuality and aggressiveness (Stearns, 2010).
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