6), it is now imperative that one considers dealing effectively with HAMAS in order to achieve peace between the two warring nations, Israel and Palestine.
The socio-political equation and regional dynamics have shifted since the turn of the century, resulting in rising concerns about the security issues pertaining to the region.“Various armed conﬂicts have destabilised the region, and an enfeebled Iraq has dramatically increased the power of Shia-dominated Iran... Arab governments also worry about radical Islamism which is winning popular backing across the region, spearheaded by Hezbollah, the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas” (O’Donell, 2008, 5). In the recent times the apperceived threat to Israel from other countries like Egypt, Syria, Jordan and Iraq has visibly decreased (Zuhur, 2008, vii). On the other hand, tensions between HAMAS and Israel have heightened from 2001, and the relationship between the two has been simmering since then. In the meanwhile this heightened tension has claimed lives of many innocent civilians on both the sides. In this article we will review HAMAS and take a look at its history, the motivation behind its formation and functioning, it various activities, demands, and its future vision of Palestine, from close quarters. This article will also take a look at the role HAMAS plays in the Palestine-Israel conflict, while searching for a peaceable solution. It will also examine the pros and cons of the Australian government engaging with Hamas in the context of achieving a just resolution of the Israel-Palestine conflict.
History of HAMAS as an organisation: HAMAS or Ḥarakat al-Muqāwamat al-Islāmiyyah, meaning Islamic resistance movement, is the democratically elected socio-political party that has come to power in Palestine since 2006. It is a radical Islamic organisation, which has two wings: the socio-political wing (Abraham, 2002), and the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam brigade which is the paramilitary arm. The group HAMAS was