Community health nurses frequently undertake a community needs assessment (CNA) to assist in identifying factors which can have both a positive and negative impact on people’s health outcomes. With this information they are able to develop strategies and programs to address…
This literature review explores the meaning of community needs assessment and the different types of needs. It also highlights the data that is sought in CNA and the reasons behind seeking such information. The methods of data collection have been discussed, as well as the principles that underpin the steps involved in the process undertaking a CNA.
Community needs assessment is an important strategy that aims at collecting data regarding a community’s requirements, views, and challenges as well as resources that can be applied to establish the actual needs of the community (Stevens et al. 2006). It is a way of identifying the strengths and assets available in the community that can facilitate satisfaction of the needs of all members of the society, whether young or old; working or jobless; able or disabled and any other aspects of diversity in the society. Acosta and Toro (2000) observe that community needs assessment concentrates on the community’s potential all citizens included, groups as well as organizations. It forms the basis for establishing and classifying services and justification as well as establishing a society that upholds and nurtures children and families. Stakeholders in the community such as NGOs, volunteers and any other parties affected by community affairs are involved in the process of community needs assessment. The process enables planners to determine the manner in which a community is currently accomplishing its needs as well as its potential to provide capital and services in future (Alpi, 2005).
There are various needs that the community needs assessment tries to establish. These include; the ability to meet the required standards of living. The employment rates within a particular community are an indicator of the people’s capacity to pay the cost of necessities in their day to day lives. Poverty is mainly a consequence of unemployment in the community. Employment is among the community needs ...
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(Community Needs Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Community Needs Assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/406169-community-needs-assessment.
Community Assessment and Diagnosis
Human life and experiences are influenced by multiple factors, and one of such factors is health. World Health Organization regards health as a state of completeness in terms of physical, mental, and social wellbeing, and not just absence of disease or infirmity (WHO 1978 cited in Funnell, Koutoukidis and Karen, 2008, p.67).
Overview of the Little Havana Community
Little Havana is a community in the city of Miami, state of Florida, USA. Historically, the place emerged as Little Havana following immigration of Cubans into the west of downtown Miami nearly half a century ago. The name is in itself descriptive-derived from Havana, the capital city of Cuba (Miami.gov.com, 2010).
In order to do this they need to have knowledge of the health needs and inequalities that exist in the community they serve through the utilization of health needs assessment method (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2005). According to Heffernan, a health needs assessment (HNA) is a systematic method of identifying unmet health and health care needs of a population and making changes to meet those unmet needs.
The average level of education in one region may for instance be different from people’s average level of education in another region. Similarly, differences may be noted within demographic factors such as age and gender. An example is the life expectancy of people within a town that may be different for men and women.
The 2010 census confirmed a decrease in population from 38, 977 people in 2000 to 37,699 people in ten years period. The mortality rate is also reported to be high among people aged between 25-44 years. The primary causes of death in Montclair community is excessive drug abuse, lack of adequate healthcare facilities, poor sanitation and other social amenities, HIV/AIDS epidemic and other chronic diseases such as diabetes and cancer.
These services, in particular, includes identification, assessment, and management of ill health and risk behaviors experienced by patients with past, present or prospective diagnosis of cancer. c) Volume of activity of the institution The volume of activity in this hospital is mainly influenced by the need to improve the outcome.
Today, the hospital has increased in size and has been in a position of catering to all the community's illnesses. The hospital has been well recognized for being able to treat thyroid cancers of high incidence of the survivors in Ukraine and Russia that was caused by an accident that was caused by Chernobyl nuclear reactor.
However, campaigners say that, in spite of the controversy, more than one-third (1/3) of people claimed that they never heard of elder abuse.
Roughly, nine of the ten community health nurses have encountered cases of elderly abuse. The Community as well as District Nursing Association (CDNA) researches discovered that, for the most part of cases, the abuse was wreaked by a family member, who is commonly the chief care giver (BBC News, 2003).
The location of Mississippi State is the south part of United and the name originates from river Mississippi. Its subtropical climate is characterized by seasonal typhoon and thunderstorm of close to 30 tornadoes yearly (Mississippi,
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