“America spends more than $2 trillion a year on health care, but “we have little information about which treatments work best for which patients,” said Mr. Stark, who is the chairman of the Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health” (Pear). The debate about which model of…
It assumes that illness is caused by abnormalities in the body functioning rather than any other external reasons. For example, many of the heart problems, type two diabetics etc are dependent on the person’s actions and beliefs according to this theory rather than any other factors. It mainly works on the physical processes, such as the pathology, the biochemistry and the physiology of a disease rather than the social or individual factors. Modern western medicine is accepted biomedical model as the base of their medical practices. This theory considers our body just like a machine. Like machine parts the damaged human parts needed to be repaired or replaced in order to keep a sound health. In short, western model of medicine claims that the only valid way of assessing a patient is through the biomedical model of health. This paper critically analyses the above claim
The focus of biological model is on physical causes. It assumes that psychological and social process has not many connections with the disease process (Taylor, p.11). “Social and psychological factors might be accepted as being of interest, but not with regard to actual disease” (Brain, p.257) The doctor will ask the details of the disease and the patient will be advised to undergo lab tests to monitor temperature, pulse, blood pressure etc. Based on the lab results and biological etiologies, the physician will prescribe a medicinal plan for the patient (The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Illness).
Biomedical model of health believe that instead of combined performances, an individual’s body and mind may work independently and cause physical or mental problems to the person. For example, eating disorder is a major problem for many people. In this case, instead of any external factors, the psychological or mental factors are causing problems to the person. In other words the physical illness of eating disorder is caused by mental factors and medicines for the correction of the ...
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(Biomedical Model of Health Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Biomedical Model of Health Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/406504-biomedical-model-of-health.
With health risks recording an escalating trend, it is of great essence that persons frame an approach of how to handle their well-being, in terms of cost, and how to live healthy (World Health Organization, 2001). It is warranted to argue that health is an existent challenge, and that getting healthy must be a number priority for all persons (n.d.,1).
The model was introduced in the nineteenth century and has been used widely to diagnose diseases by the doctors. According to the model every disease or disorder is caused by a physical harm. In other words the diseases or disorders are caused by germs or genes which might be changing the internal environment of the body to cause the disease.
All societies of past and present exhibited fissures in terms of class, gender, age groups, etc. Sociologists have discovered valid correlations between these social parameters and indicators of wellbeing. In this respect, all four prominent sociological approaches to studying health and wellbeing offer their own insights and inputs about the correlations.
The biomedical model insists that the health of an individual is affected when a disease, which implies specific malfunctions of the human body, affects the individual. The biomedical model is more practical when compared to the socio medical model of health (Derick, 2004).
In dealing with diseases, the rudimentary causes are ascertained and quantified. This quantification facilitates an assessment of biological risk factors as well as the behavioral risk factors associated with those diseases.
Therefore, the challenge for the coming years will likely be to fully realise the potential for health promotion inherent in many sectors of society, among local communities, and within families. The ability to effectively cope with this challenge will largely depend on the extent to which modern health professionals are aware of the whole range of factors, both overt and covert, that influence human health and affect effectiveness of efforts intended to improve health of individuals and populations.
In the biomedical health-care system, the care provider does not have enough time to listen to all of the patient’s concerns and thus offers ineffective care. The system does not address the many psychological risk factors for both morbidity and mortality, and ignores the psychosocial aspects.
Biomedical research model and model systems are the main components which aim at improving human health. Throughout the history of western science the development of biology has gone in hand with that of medicine.